The Rural-Nonrural Divide?: Data and Analysis Files

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data
  • Dhaliwal, Tasminda (University of Southern California)
  • Bruno, Paul (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
School finance; rural; equity
  • Abstract

    This project includes replication files for the AERA Open manuscript "The Rural-Nonrural Divide? K-12 District Spending and Implications of Equity-Based School Funding"
    The abstract of the paper is included below:
    In the 2013-14 school year, the state of California implemented a new equity-minded funding system, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF). LCFF increased minimum per-pupil funding for educationally underserved students and provided greater autonomy in allocating resources. We use the implementation of LCFF to enrich our understanding of rural school finance and explore the implications of equity-based school finance reform across urbanicity (i.e., between rural, town, suburban, and urban districts), and between rural areas of different remoteness. Drawing on 15 years of financial data from California school districts, we find variation in the funding levels of rural districts but few differences in the ways resources are allocated and only modest evidence of constrained spending in rural areas. Our results suggest that spending progressivity (i.e., spending advantage of higher-poverty districts) has increased since LCFF, although progressivity is lowest in rural districts by the end of the data panel.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2004-01-01 / 2018-12-31
    Time Period: Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2004--Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2018 (2003-2004 school year to 2017-2018 school year)
Geographic Coverage
  • California
Sampled Universe
Local education agencies in California
. Smallest Geographic Unit: Local education agency
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E129661V1

Update Metadata: 2020-12-22 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-12-22