Data and code for: Seasonal liquidity, rural labor markets and agricultural production

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Fink, Günther (Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute)
  • Jack, B. Kelsey (University of California-Santa Barbara)
  • Masiye, Felix (University of Zambia)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Growth and Labor Markets in Low Income Countries
  • International Growth Centre
  • Agricultural Technology Adoption Initiative
Free Keywords
agriculture; consumption smoothing; labor markets
  • Abstract

    Rural economies in many developing countries are characterized by a lean season in the months preceding harvest, when farmers have depleted their cash and grain savings from the previous year. To identify the impacts of liquidity during the lean season, we offered subsidized loans in randomly selected villages in rural Zambia. 98 percent of households took up the loan. Loan eligibility led to increases in on-farm labor and agricultural output, driving up wages in local labor markets. Larger effects for poorer households suggest that liquidity constraints contribute to inequality in rural economies.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: See Table 1 for additional detail

    Baseline N=3139 (study sample)
    Midline/Harvest N=3028 (96.5% response rate)
    Endline N=3005 (95.7% response rate)

    Other survey rounds were conducted on sub-samples only.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-11-01 / 2015-09-30
    Collection Date(s): Fri Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2013--Wed Sep 30 00:00:00 EDT 2015
Geographic Coverage
  • Zambia
We randomly sampled 5 villages from 50 of the 53 administrative blocks in the district, using village lists from the Ministry of Agriculture’s farm registry and omitting villages with less than 20 or more than 100 farms and those containing Chipata town. Study enumerators visited the 250 sampled villages to screen for eligibility. Our final sample covers 175 villages.

Within each eligible village, households were sampled from the village rosters collected during the initial screening visits. Only farms of less than 5 hectares were eligible for the program. Eligible households were randomly sorted and the first 22 selected for the baseline survey. This resulted in 53 percent of households on average being selected for the project; across all villages, the share of households enrolled in the study ranged from 15 to 100 percent. A total of 3,701 households were sampled for the baseline and 3,139 were surveyed at baseline (85 percent). 
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview;

This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Is version of
    DOI: 10.3886/E119649
  • Fink, Günther, B. Kelsey Jack, and Felix Masiye. “Seasonal Liquidity, Rural Labor Markets, and Agricultural Production.” American Economic Review 110, no. 11 (November 2020): 3351–92.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.20180607 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-12-30 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-12-30