Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Policies Database, United States, 2009-2019

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • Minton, Sarah
  • Giannarelli, Linda
  • Dwyer, Kelly
  • Kwon, Danielle
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Policies Database Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
child care; Child Care and Development Fund; children; eligibility; income; low income groups; policies and procedures; public assistance programs; welfare reform
  • Abstract

    The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) provides federal money to states and territories to provide assistance to low-income families, to obtain quality child care so they can work, attend training, or receive education. Within the broad federal parameters, states and territories set the detailed policies. Those details determine whether a particular family will or will not be eligible for subsidies, how much the family will have to pay for the care, how families apply for and retain subsidies, the maximum amounts that child care providers will be reimbursed, and the administrative procedures that providers must follow. Thus, while CCDF is a single program from the perspective of federal law, it is in practice a different program in every state and territory. The CCDF Policies Database project is a comprehensive, up-to-date database of CCDF policy information that supports the needs of a variety of audiences through (1) analytic data files, (2) a project website and search tool, and (3) an annual report (Book of Tables). These are made available to researchers, administrators, and policymakers with the goal of addressing important questions concerning the effects of alternative child care subsidy policies and practices on the children and families served. A description of the data files, project website and search tool, and Book of Tables is provided below: 1. Detailed, longitudinal analytic data files provide CCDF policy information for all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the United States Territories and outlying areas that capture the policies actually in effect at a point in time, rather than proposals or legislation. They focus on the policies in place at the start of each fiscal year, but also capture changes during that fiscal year. The data are organized into 32 categories with each category of variables separated into its own dataset. The categories span five general areas of policy including: Eligibility Requirements for Families and Children (Datasets 1-5); Family Application, Terms of Authorization, and Redetermination (Datasets 6-13); Family Payments (Datasets 14-18); Policies for Providers, Including Maximum Reimbursement Rates (Datasets 19-27); Overall Administrative and Quality Information Plans (Datasets 28-32); The information in the data files is based primarily on the documents that caseworkers use as they work with families and providers (often termed "caseworker manuals"). The caseworker manuals generally provide much more detailed information on eligibility, family payments, and provider-related policies than the CCDF Plans submitted by states and territories to the federal government. The caseworker manuals also provide ongoing detail for periods in between CCDF Plan dates. Each dataset contains a series of variables designed to capture the intricacies of the rules covered in the category. The variables include a mix of categorical, numeric, and text variables. Most variables have a corresponding notes field to capture additional details related to that particular variable. In addition, each category has an additional notes field to capture any information regarding the rules that is not already outlined in the category's variables. 2. The project website and search tool provides access to a point-and-click user interface. Users can select from the full set of public data to create custom tables. The website also provides access to the full range of reports and products released under the CCDF Policies Database project. The project website and search tool and the data files provide a more detailed set of information than what the Book of Tables provides, including a wider selection of variables and policies over time. 3. The data from the Book of Tables are available as eleven datasets (Datasets 33-43) and they present key aspects of the differences in CCDF funded programs across all states and territories as of October 1, 2019. The Book of Tables includes variables that are calculated using several variables from the data files (Datasets 1-32). The Book of Tables summarizes a subset of the information available in the data files, and includes information about eligibility requirements for families; application, redetermination, priority, and waiting list policies; family co-payments; and provider policies and reimbursement rates. In many cases, a variable in the Book of Tables will correspond to a single variable in the data files. Usually, the variable options used in the Book of Tables will match the variable options in the data files. In some cases, the wording of the variable options may have been slightly modified for the tables.
  • Abstract

    To create a comprehensive, up-to-date database of child care subsidy policies for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and United States territories, and from that information to create books of tables and analytic files that will be accessible and useable by researchers and other analysts.
  • Methods

    Information was coded into the database based on a review of child care subsidy policy manuals. The information that was compiled was submitted to state and territory contacts for verification. In states with substantial within-state policy variation -- and different policy manuals for different areas/counties -- the policy manual for the largest area/county was used.
  • Methods

    Criteria for Application and Eligibility; Definitions of Family and Income; Asset Tests Verification; Redetermination; Requirements for reporting Changes; Appeals; Terms of Authorization; Priority and Waiting List Policies; Copay Exemptions Adjustments, Administration, Income Thresholds and Amount; Reimbursement Rates and Policies; Policies for Legally Unregulated Home-Based Providers; Administration; Program and Professional Development; Quality; Early Learning Guidelines
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Basic Criteria for Eligibility Data
    • DS2: Definition of Family Data
    • DS3: Income Definition Data
    • DS4: Eligibility Thresholds Data
    • DS5: Asset Tests Data
    • DS6: Basic Application Criteria Data
    • DS7: Verification Data
    • DS8: Redetermination Data
    • DS9: Requirements for Reporting Changes Data
    • DS10: Appeals Data
    • DS11: Terms of Authorization Data
    • DS12: Priority Policies Data
    • DS13: Waiting List Policies Data
    • DS14: Copayment Exemptions Data
    • DS15: Copayment Adjustments Data
    • DS16: Copayment Administration Data
    • DS17: Copayment Income Thresholds Data
    • DS18: Copayment Amount Data
    • DS19: Reimbursement Rate Policies Data
    • DS20: Reimbursement Rates Data
    • DS21: Basic Eligibility and Other Requirements for Unregulated Providers Data
    • DS22: Background Checks for Unregulated Providers Data
    • DS23: Training Requirements for Unregulated Providers Data
    • DS24: TB Prevention Requirements for Unregulated Providers Data
    • DS25: Health and Safety Checklist Requirements for Unregulated Providers Data
    • DS26: Other Provider Policies Data
    • DS27: Other Provider Policies: Who May Provide Care Data
    • DS28: Administration Data
    • DS29: Program Development Data
    • DS30: Quality Data
    • DS31: Early Learning Guidelines Data
    • DS32: Professional Development Data
    • DS33: Book of Tables Data 2009
    • DS34: Book of Tables Data 2010
    • DS35: Book of Tables Data 2011
    • DS36: Book of Tables Data 2012
    • DS37: Book of Tables Data 2013
    • DS38: Book of Tables Data 2014
    • DS39: Book of Tables Data 2015
    • DS40: Book of Tables Data 2016
    • DS41: Book of Tables Data 2017
    • DS42: Book of Tables Data 2018
    • DS43: Book of Tables Data 2019
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2009--2019
  • 2009 / 2019
  • Collection date: 2009-01-01--2020-05-31
  • 2009-01-01 / 2020-05-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The information about the policies in effect for each of the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and the United States Territories. Smallest Geographic Unit: State level data in most cases, with select county level data for some states.
This collection included data from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and United States territories. No sampling was used.
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation ().
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37905 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37905.v1

Update Metadata: 2021-02-15 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2021-02-15