Data and Code for: Social Media, News Consumption, and Polarization: Evidence from a Field Experiment

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  • Levy, Ro'ee (MIT)
Publication Date
  • Abstract

    Does the consumption of ideologically congruent news on social media exacerbate polarization? I estimate the effects of social media news exposure by conducting a large field experiment randomly offering participants subscriptions to conservative or liberal news outlets on Facebook. I collect data on the causal chain of media effects: subscriptions to outlets, exposure to news on Facebook, visits to online news sites, and sharing of posts, as well as changes in political opinions and attitudes. Four main findings emerge. First, random variation in exposure to news on social media substantially affects the slant of news sites individuals visit. Second, exposure to counter-attitudinal news decreases negative attitudes toward the opposing political party. Third, in contrast to the effect on attitudes, I find no evidence that the political leanings of news outlets affect political opinions. Fourth, Facebook's algorithm is less likely to supply individuals with posts from counter-attitudinal outlets, conditional on individuals subscribing to them. Together, the results suggest that social media algorithms may limit exposure to counter-attitudinal news and thus increase polarization.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Is version of
    DOI: 10.3886/E121922
  • Levy, Ro’ee. “Social Media, News Consumption, and Polarization: Evidence from a Field Experiment.” American Economic Review, n.d.
  • Levy, Ro’ee. “Replication Data for: Social Media, News Consumption and Polarization: Evidence from a Field Experiment.” Harvard Dataverse, 2020.
    • ID: 10.7910/DVN/V4ZFIT (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2021-02-19 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2021-02-19