Data and Code for "A Few Bad Apples? Racial Bias in Policing"

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • Goncalves, Felipe (University of California-Los Angeles)
  • Mello, Steven (Dartmouth College)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
Traffic Stops
  • Abstract

    We estimate the degree to which individual police officers practice racial discrimination. Using a bunching estimation design and data from the Florida Highway Patrol, we show that minorities are less likely to receive a discount on their speeding tickets than white drivers. Disaggregating this difference to the individual police officer, we estimate that 37% of officers practice discrimination. We then apply our officer- level discrimination measures to various policy-relevant questions in the literature. In particular, reassigning officers across locations based on their lenience can effectively reduce the aggregate disparity in treatment.

Temporal Coverage
  • 2005-01-01 / 2015-12-31
    Time Period: Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2005--Thu Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2015
Geographic Coverage
  • Florida
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Is version of
    DOI: 10.3886/E120242
  • Goncalves, Felipe, and Steven Mello. “A Few Bad Apples? Racial Bias in Policing.” American Economic Review, n.d.
  • Goncalves, Felipe, and Steven Mello. “Supplementary Data for ‘A Few Bad Apples? Racial Bias in Policing.’” American Economic Association, 2021.
    • ID: 10.3886/E120242V1 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2021-02-21 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2021-02-21