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European Values Study Longitudinal Data File 1981-2008 (EVS 1981-2008)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Ilir, Gedeshi (Center for Economic and Social Studies, Albania)
  • Zulehner, Paul M. (Institut für Pastoraltheologie, Katholisch-Theologische Fakultät, University of Vienna, Austria)
  • Rotman, David (The Center of Sociological and Political Studies, Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus)
  • Dobbelaere, Karel (Catholic University, Leuven, Belgium)
  • Billiet, Jaak (Catholic University, Leuven, Belgium)
  • Fotev, Georgy (Institute of Sociology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)
  • Baloban, Josip (Theological Faculty, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia)
  • Rabusic, Ladislav (Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Brno (Brünn), Czech Republic)
  • Gundelach, Peter (Department of Sociology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark)
  • Saar, Aandrus (Saar Poll, Tallinn, Estonia)
  • Pehkonen, Juhani (TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo, Finland)
  • Tchernia, Jean-Francois (Tchernia Etudes Conseil, Paris, France)
  • Jagodzinski, Wolfgang (Institut für Angewandte Sozialforschung, University of Cologne, Germany)
  • Anheier, Helmut (London School of Economics and Political Science, London, Great Britain)
  • Georgas, James (Department of Psychology, The University of Athens, Greece)
  • Tomka, Miklós (Hungarian Religious Research Centre, Budapest, Hungary)
  • Jonsson, Fridrik H. (The Social Science Research Institute, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland)
  • Fahey, Tony (ESRI, Dublin, Ireland)
  • Sinnott, Richard (Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland)
  • Hayes, Bernadette C. (the Queen´s University, Belfast, Northern Ireland)
  • Gubert, Renzo (University of Trento, Italy)
  • Zepa, Brigita (Baltic Institute of Social Sciences, Latvian Facts, Riga, Latvia)
  • Alishauskiene, Rasa (Institute for Social Research, Vilnius, Lithuania)
  • Estgen, Pol (SeSoPI Centre Intercommunautaire a.s.b.l., Luxembourg)
  • Abela, Anthony M. (University of Malta, Malta)
  • Halman, Loek (Department of Sociology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands)
  • Jasinska-Kania, Aleksandra (Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw, Poland)
  • Vala, Jorge (Instituto de Cienciais Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal)
  • Voicu, Malina (The Research Institute for the Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Sciences, Bucharest, Romania)
  • Bashkirova, Elena (Bashkirova & Partners, Moscow, Russian Federation)
  • Kusá, Zuzana (The Institute for Sociology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic)
  • Tos, Niko (Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia)
  • Elzo, Javier (Faculty of Political Sciences and Sociology, University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain)
  • Orizo, Francisco Andrés (DATA, Madrid, Spain)
  • Puranen, Bi (Theseus Institute, Sophia Antipolis (France))
  • Pettersson, Thorleif (University of Uppsala, Sweden)
  • Esmer, Yilmaz (Department of Political Science and International Relations, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey)
  • Balakireva, Olga N. (Institute Economy and Prognoses, National Academy of Ukraine, Department of Monitoring Research of the Social and Economic Process, Kiev, Ukraine)
  • Sullivan, Edward (Center of Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA), Washington, USA)
  • Rosenberg, Florenece (Center of Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA), Washington, USA)
  • Inglehart, Ronald (Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, USA)
  • Faradov, Tair (International Center for Social Research (ICSR), Department of Democracy and Civil Society Studies, Baku, Azerbaijan)
  • Titarenko, Larissa (The Center of Sociological and Political Studies, Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus)
  • Bawin, Bernadette (Université Liège, Belgium)
  • Swyngedouw, Marc (Flanders) (Centre for Sociological Research, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • Voyé, Liliane (Wallonia) (Centre for Sociological Research, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • Marinov, Mario (Institute of Sociology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria)
  • Roudometof, Victor (Department of Social and Political Sciences, University of Cyprus, Cyprus)
  • Stares, Sally (Methodology Institute, London School of Economics, London, Great Britain)
  • Voas, David (Institute for Social Change, University of Manchester, Manchester, Great Britain)
  • Mylonas, Kostas (Department of Psychology, The University of Athens, Greece)
  • Gari, Aikaterini (Department of Psychology, The University of Athens, Greece)
  • Rosta, Gergely (Institute of Sociology, Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Piliscsaba, Hungary)
  • Olafsson, Stefan (The Social Science Research Institute, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland)
  • Breen, Michael (Department of Media & Communication, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland)
  • Smith, Alan (UNESCO Centre, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland)
  • Rovati, Giancarlo (Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy)
  • Juknevicius, Stanislovas (Lithuanian Institute of Culture and Arts, Vilnius, Lithuania)
  • Ziliukaite, Ruta (Institute of Culture, Philosophy and Art, Lithuania)
  • Hausman, Pierre (CEPS/INSTEAD, Differdange, Luxembourg)
  • Legrand, Michel (SeSoPI Centre Intercommunautaire a.s.b.l., Luxembourg)
  • Trois, Joseph (European Centre for Gerontology, University of Malta, Malta)
  • Petkovska, Antoanela (Institute of Sociology, Faculty of Philosophy of the University Ss Cyril and Methodius of Skopje, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia)
  • Petruti, Doru (Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC, Chinsinau, Republic of Moldova)
  • Besic, Milos (Faculty of Political Sciences, Montenegro)
  • Listhaug, Ola (Department of Sociology and Political Science, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway)
  • Marody, Mira (Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw, Poland)
  • Konieczna, Joanna (Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw, Poland)
  • Ramos, Alice (Instituto de Cienciais Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal)
  • Cabral, Manuel Villaverde (Instituto de Cienciais Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal)
  • Zamfir, Cataliln (The Research Institute for the Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Sciences, Bucharest, Romania)
  • Pop, Lucien (The Research Institute for the Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Sciences, Bucharest, Romania)
  • Gredelj, Stjepan (Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade, Serbia)
  • Malnar, Brina (Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia)
  • Cabrera, Maria Silvestre (Faculty of Political Sciences and Sociology, University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain)
  • Lundasen, Susanne (The Institute for Civil Society Studies, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden)
  • Joye, Dominique (Swiss Foundation for Research in Social Sciences FORS, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland)
  • European Values Study Group
  • European Values Study Group
Publication Date
2011-04-30
Contributor
  • Albania: Strategic Puls Research, Tirana (Data Collector)
  • Albania: Strategic Puls Research, Tirana (Data Collector)
  • Armenia: Marketing Communications, Yerevan (Data Collector)
  • Armenia: Marketing Communications, Yerevan (Data Collector)
  • Austria: GfK Austria GmbH, Vienna (Data Collector)
  • Austria: GfK Austria GmbH, Vienna (Data Collector)
  • Azerbaijan: International Center for Social Research (ICSR), Baku (Data Collector)
  • Azerbaijan: International Center for Social Research (ICSR), Baku (Data Collector)
  • Belarus: Belarus State University, Center for Sociological and Political Research, Minsk (Data Collector)
  • Belarus: Belarus State University, Center for Sociological and Political Research, Minsk (Data Collector)
  • Belarus: The Centre of Political and Sociological Researches of Belarus State University (Data Collector)
  • Belarus: The Centre of Political and Sociological Researches of Belarus State University (Data Collector)
  • Belgium: TNS-Dimarso, Brussels; Nationaal instituut voor dataverzameling/Dimarso (Data Collector)
  • Belgium: TNS-Dimarso, Brussels; Nationaal instituut voor dataverzameling/Dimarso (Data Collector)
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina: PULS doo, Sarajevo (Data Collector)
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina: PULS doo, Sarajevo (Data Collector)
  • Bulgaria: Institute of Sociology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Data Collector)
  • Bulgaria: Institute of Sociology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Data Collector)
  • Bulgaria: Market LINKS-Research & Consulting, Sofia (Data Collector)
  • Bulgaria: Market LINKS-Research & Consulting, Sofia (Data Collector)
  • Croatia: Market Research Agency ´Target´ (Data Collector)
  • Croatia: Market Research Agency ´Target´ (Data Collector)
  • Croatia: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Law, Department of Social Work, Zagreb (Data Collector)
  • Croatia: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Law, Department of Social Work, Zagreb (Data Collector)
  • Cyprus: CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia (Data Collector)
  • Cyprus: CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia (Data Collector)
  • Northern Cyprus: Prologue Consulting, Nicosia (Data Collector)
  • Northern Cyprus: Prologue Consulting, Nicosia (Data Collector)
  • Czech Republic: SC& C Ltd., Statistical Computations and Computing, Prague (Data Collector)
  • Czech Republic: SC& C Ltd., Statistical Computations and Computing, Prague (Data Collector)
  • Denmark: SFI Survey, The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Copenhagen (Data Collector)
  • Denmark: SFI Survey, The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Copenhagen (Data Collector)
  • Estonia: Saar Poll, Ltd., Tallinn (Data Collector)
  • Estonia: Saar Poll, Ltd., Tallinn (Data Collector)
  • Finland: TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo (Data Collector)
  • Finland: TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo (Data Collector)
  • France: Institut de Sondages Lavialle (I.S.L.)m Issy-les-Moulineaux Research International (Data Collector)
  • France: Institut de Sondages Lavialle (I.S.L.)m Issy-les-Moulineaux Research International (Data Collector)
  • Georgia: GORBI Gallup International, Tbilisi (Data Collector)
  • Georgia: GORBI Gallup International, Tbilisi (Data Collector)
  • Germany: INFAS, Bonn (Data Collector)
  • Germany: INFAS, Bonn (Data Collector)
  • Germany: BIK MARPLAN Intermedia GmbH, Offenbach am Main (Data Collector)
  • Germany: BIK MARPLAN Intermedia GmbH, Offenbach am Main (Data Collector)
  • Great Britain: Quality Fieldwork & Research Services, Birmingham (Data Collector)
  • Great Britain: Quality Fieldwork & Research Services, Birmingham (Data Collector)
  • Greece: Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, The University of Athens (Data Collector)
  • Greece: Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, The University of Athens (Data Collector)
  • Greece: Metron Analysis S.A., Athens (Data Collector)
  • Greece: Metron Analysis S.A., Athens (Data Collector)
  • Hungary: Szonda-Ipsos Média-, Vélemény - és Piaclutató Intézet, Budapest (Data Collector)
  • Hungary: Szonda-Ipsos Média-, Vélemény - és Piaclutató Intézet, Budapest (Data Collector)
  • Hungary: Forsense Piackutató és Stratégiai Tanácsadó Kft., Budapest (Data Collector)
  • Hungary: Forsense Piackutató és Stratégiai Tanácsadó Kft., Budapest (Data Collector)
  • Iceland: The Institute of Social Research at the University of Iceland (Data Collector)
  • Iceland: The Institute of Social Research at the University of Iceland (Data Collector)
  • Iceland: The Social Science Research Institute, Reykjavík (Data Collector)
  • Iceland: The Social Science Research Institute, Reykjavík (Data Collector)
  • Ireland: The Survey Unit, The Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • Ireland: The Survey Unit, The Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • Ireland: TNS mrbi, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • Ireland: TNS mrbi, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • Nothern Ireland: Research and Evalutation Services, Belfast (Data Collector)
  • Nothern Ireland: Research and Evalutation Services, Belfast (Data Collector)
  • Italy: Centro Ricerche Sociali di Moncomo G. e C. SaS, Milan (Data Collector)
  • Italy: Centro Ricerche Sociali di Moncomo G. e C. SaS, Milan (Data Collector)
  • Kosovo: Strategic Marketing d.o.o., Pristina (Data Collector)
  • Kosovo: Strategic Marketing d.o.o., Pristina (Data Collector)
  • Latvia: Latvia Social Research Centre (Data Collector)
  • Latvia: Latvia Social Research Centre (Data Collector)
  • Latvia: Latvian Facts, Riga (Data Collector)
  • Latvia: Latvian Facts, Riga (Data Collector)
  • Lithuania: Baltic Surveys Market and Public Opinion Research Company Ltd., Vilnius (Data Collector)
  • Lithuania: Baltic Surveys Market and Public Opinion Research Company Ltd., Vilnius (Data Collector)
  • Luxembourg: ILRES Market Research (Data Collector)
  • Luxembourg: ILRES Market Research (Data Collector)
  • Luxembourg: CEPS/INSTEAD, Differdange (Data Collector)
  • Luxembourg: CEPS/INSTEAD, Differdange (Data Collector)
  • Malta: MISCO International (Data Collector)
  • Malta: MISCO International (Data Collector)
  • Republic of Macedonia: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Faculty of Philosophy, Skopje (Data Collector)
  • Republic of Macedonia: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Faculty of Philosophy, Skopje (Data Collector)
  • Republic of Moldova: Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC Chisinau, Chisinau (Data Collector)
  • Republic of Moldova: Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC Chisinau, Chisinau (Data Collector)
  • Republic of Montenegro: Strategic Research, Podgorica (Data Collector)
  • Republic of Montenegro: Strategic Research, Podgorica (Data Collector)
  • The Netherlands: Survey data, Tilburg (Data Collector)
  • The Netherlands: Survey data, Tilburg (Data Collector)
  • The Netherlands: TNS NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • The Netherlands: TNS NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • Norway: Statistics Norway, Oslo (Data Collector)
  • Norway: Statistics Norway, Oslo (Data Collector)
  • Poland: CBOS - Public Opinion Research Centre (Data Collector)
  • Poland: CBOS - Public Opinion Research Centre (Data Collector)
  • Poland: Pentor Research International S.A., Warszawa (Data Collector)
  • Poland: Pentor Research International S.A., Warszawa (Data Collector)
  • Portugal: TNS Euroteste - Marketing E Opinião, Lisboa (Data Collector)
  • Portugal: TNS Euroteste - Marketing E Opinião, Lisboa (Data Collector)
  • Romania: The Research Institute for the Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Science (RIQL), Metro Media Transilvania, Bucharest (Data Collector)
  • Romania: The Research Institute for the Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Science (RIQL), Metro Media Transilvania, Bucharest (Data Collector)
  • Russian Federation: ROMIR, Moscow (Data Collector)
  • Russian Federation: ROMIR, Moscow (Data Collector)
  • Russian Federation: Bashkirova and Partners, Moscow (Data Collector)
  • Russian Federation: Bashkirova and Partners, Moscow (Data Collector)
  • Serbia: Strategic Marketing d.o.o., Belgrade (Data Collector)
  • Serbia: Strategic Marketing d.o.o., Belgrade (Data Collector)
  • Slovak Republic: TNS SK. S.r.o., Bratislava (Data Collector)
  • Slovak Republic: TNS SK. S.r.o., Bratislava (Data Collector)
  • Slovak Republic: Agentúra MVK, Bratislava (Data Collector)
  • Slovak Republic: Agentúra MVK, Bratislava (Data Collector)
  • Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communications Research Center, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana (Data Collector)
  • Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communications Research Center, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana (Data Collector)
  • Spain: Data SA, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • Spain: Data SA, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • Spain: Metroscopia, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • Spain: Metroscopia, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: ARS - Research AB, Stockholm (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: ARS - Research AB, Stockholm (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: Statistics Sweden (SCB), Örebro (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: Statistics Sweden (SCB), Örebro (Data Collector)
  • Switzerland: M.I.S. Trend S.A., Lausanne (Data Collector)
  • Switzerland: M.I.S. Trend S.A., Lausanne (Data Collector)
  • Turkey: SAM Arastirma, Danisma ve Tanitim Hizmetleri A.S. and Bulgu Arastirma ve Halka Iliskiler Ltd Sti, Istanbul (Data Collector)
  • Turkey: SAM Arastirma, Danisma ve Tanitim Hizmetleri A.S. and Bulgu Arastirma ve Halka Iliskiler Ltd Sti, Istanbul (Data Collector)
  • Turkey: Bogazici University, Istanbul; Birim Arastirma (Data Collector)
  • Turkey: Bogazici University, Istanbul; Birim Arastirma (Data Collector)
  • Ukraine: Social Monitoring Centre (NGO) and Ukrainian Institute for Social Research (Data Collector)
  • Ukraine: Social Monitoring Centre (NGO) and Ukrainian Institute for Social Research (Data Collector)
  • Ukraine: Kiev International Institute of Sociology, Kiev (Data Collector)
  • Ukraine: Kiev International Institute of Sociology, Kiev (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
    • Religion and "Weltanschauung"
Description
  • Abstract

    Moral, religious, societal, political, work, and family values ofEuropeans. Compilation of the data sets from 1981, 1990, 1999, and2008.The variable overview allows for comparisons of trend variables of the four EVS waves 1981, 1990, 1999, and 2008. In addition, comparisons of original question texts across the waves 1999 and 2008 are supported. The overview can be found at:Variable Overview Topics: 1. Perceptions of life: importance of work, family, friendsand acquaintances, leisure time, politics and religion (in Sweden:service to others); frequency of political discussions with friends;happiness; self-assessment of own health; feelings of: excitement orinterest, restlessness, pride because of compliments, loneliness, joyabout completing a thing, boredom, feeling good, depressed or unhappy,managing everything, sadness because of criticism; feelings of therespondent at home: relaxation, anxiety, happiness, aggression orsafety.2. Leisure: way of spending leisure time and definition of leisure;partners for leisure time: alone, with family, friends, at busy places,colleagues, people at churches or at sport and culture; frequency ofpolitical discussions with friends and political opinion leadership;memberships and unpaid work (volunteering) in: social welfare services,religious or church organisations, education, or cultural activities,trade unions, political parties, local political actions, human rights,environmental or peace movement, professional associations, youth work,sports clubs, women´s groups, voluntary associations concerned withhealth consumption or other groups; motives for volunteering; aversionto people with other setting; feelings of loneliness.3. Work: reasons for people to live in need; importance of selectedaspects of occupational work; employment status; general worksatisfaction; freedom of decision-making in the job; importance of work(work ethics, scale); important aspects of leisure time; attitudetowards following instructions at work without criticism (obediencework); jobs scarce: give priority to nationals over foreigners as wellas men over women in jobs, able bodied people over handicapped peopleand forced retirement for the elderly; satisfaction with the financialsituation of the household and expected situation in a year.Work Environment: work orientation and aspects of job satisfaction;importance of selected characteristics of professional work: good pay,little pressure, job security, respectable activity, flexible workinghours, ability to show initiative, a lot of vacation, meetingobjectives, responsibility, interesting work, meeting one´s own skills,nice colleagues, good career opportunities, serving society, contactwith people, good physical conditions of work and weekend leisure,looking forward to work after the weekend, pride of one´s work, familyfriendly, have a say, people treated equally; perceived exploitation inthe workplace; general job satisfaction (scale); satisfaction with jobsecurity; use of paid days off: look for additional salaried work,training, meeting with friends and family, additional working againstboredom, voluntary work, hobbies, running one´s own business,relaxation. 4. Religion: deism or nihilism; opinion about good and evil ineveryone; feel remorse; being worth risking life for: own country, lifeof another person, justice, freedom, peace, religion; individual orgeneral clear guidelines for good and evil; religious denomination;current and former religious denomination; raised religiously; currentfrequency of church attendance and at the age of 12; importance ofreligious celebration at birth, marriage and funeral; self-assessmentof religiousness; churches give adequate answers to moral questions,problems of family life, spiritual needs and social problems of thecountry; assessment of the importance of religion for the future;attitude towards the role of the Church in political issues (scale);belief in God, life after death, soul, hell, heaven, sin, telepathy,reincarnation, angels, devil, resurrection from the dead; stick toreligion vs. explore different traditions; personal God versus spiritor life force; own way of connecting with the divine; interest in thesacred or the supernatural; attitude towards the existence of one truereligion; importance of God in one´s life (10-point-scalometer);experience of comfort and strength from religion and belief; moments ofprayer and meditation; frequency of prayers; approval or rejection ofthe single 10 bids by the respondents and most people; supernaturalexperiences: feeling of connection with someone far away, seeing eventsthat happened far away, felt in touch with someone dead, proximity to apowerful life force, change in the way of looking at life through apsychic experience; relationship between the parents in the youth ofthe respondent; connectivity of respondents with both parents; strictupbringing by parents; belief in supernatural forces; ownership of andbelief in lucky charms or a talisman (10-point-scale); reading andconsideration of horoscopes; attitude towards: politicians who don´tbelieve in God are unfit for public office, religious leaders shouldnot influence how people vote, better if more people with strongreligious beliefs are in public office, religious leaders should notinfluence government, nurse refusing legal abortion on religiousgrounds, time for prayer and meditation in all schools, prohibiting orallowing books that attack religion, church(es) do influence onnational politics. 5. Family and marriage: trust in one´s family; satisfaction withprivate life; convergence of views of the partner and the parents withthe respondent with respect to: religious and moral standards, socialattitudes, political views and sexual images, ideal number of children;sexual self-determination; attitude towards single mothers; enjoysexual freedom; enduring relationships are necessary to be happy;homosexual couples adopting children; live together without beingmarried; to have children is a duty towards society; one´s own decisionto have children; child’s duty to take care of ill parents; mostimportant criteria for a successful marriage (scale: loyalty, goodincome, same social background, respect and recognition of religiousbackground, good housing, political agreement, understanding andtolerance, live apart from one´s in-laws, good sexual relationship,sharing household chores, children, discussion of problems, spendingtime together, conversations and share the same taste interests, sameethnic background, time for friends and hobbies); accepted reasons fordivorce: financial bankruptcy, illness, alcohol addiction, violence orunfaithfulness of the partner, sexual dissatisfaction, loss of love,non-understanding with relatives, childlessness, differentpersonalities; attitude towards childcare (a child needs a home withfather and mother, women and men need children in order to befulfilled, marriage is an out-dated institution, woman as asingle-parent); attitude towards marriage, children, and traditionalfamily structure (scale); attitude towards traditional understanding ofone´s role of man and woman in occupation and family (scale); attitudetowards: respect and love for parents; parent´s responsibilities totheir children and the responsibility of adult children for theirparents when they are in need of long-term care; importance ofeducational goals (good manners, politeness, independence, hard work,honesty, feeling of responsibility, patience, imagination, toleranceand respect, leadership, self-control, frugality, thrift, perseverance,religious faith, unselfishness, obedience and loyalty); attitudetowards abortion; justification of abortion for: health risk for themother, children with disabilities, unmarried mother, lack of desirefor children.6. Politics and society: most important aims of the country; politicalinterest; political participation: signing of a petition, participatein boycotts, attending approved demonstrations or to wildcat strikes,squatting, violence against persons or things; preference forindividual freedom or social equality; self-assessment on a left-rightcontinuum (10-point-scale); social preferences; attitude towards theeconomic system, income equality, state enterprises, competition,performance orientation and the accumulation of wealth in a fewpersons; economic liberalism; attitude to welfare state, conservatismand the need for change of the economic system (scale); personalcharacteristics (scale); self-responsibility or governmental provision;free decision of job-taking of the unemployed or no permission torefuse a job; advantage or harmfulness of competition; liberty of firmsor governmental control; equal incomes or incentives for individualefforts; attitude concerning capitalism versus government ownership;willingness to fight for one´s own country; the main aim ofimprisonment; assessment of the likelihood of war in one´s own countryin the next five years and expected changes of values such as: lessemphasis on money and material possessions, labour, technology,individual, greater respect for authority, family, simple lifestyle andmore power to local authorities; attitude towards scientific progress;trust in institutions (churches, army, education system, the press,unions, police, parliament, government, social security systems,political parties, large businesses, health care system environmentalprotection movement, justice system, European Union, NATO, UN);attitude towards selected movements (environmental protection,anti-nuclear, peace movement, human rights, women and anti-apartheid);satisfaction with democracy; assessment of the political system of thecountry ten years ago; assessment of the political system of thecountry as good or bad (10-point-scale); preferred type of politicalsystem (strong leader, expert decisions, army should rule the country,or democracy); attitude towards democracy (scale); assessment of theobservance of individual human rights in the country; assessing thesolvability of environmental problems, crime and unemployment at thenational or international level. 7. Moral attitudes: personal attitudes and rating of compatriots:scale: claiming state benefits without entitlement, cheating on taxes,joyriding, corruption, prostitution, taking soft drugs, lying,adultery, bribe money, homosexuality, abortion, divorce, euthanasia,suicide, littering, driving under influence of alcohol, paying cash toavoid taxes, casual sex, smoking in public places, speeding over thelimit, sex under the legal age of consent, political assassination,avoiding fare on public transport, experiments with human embryos,genetic manipulation of food, insemination or in-vitro fertilization,buy stolen goods, keeping of found money, fighting with the police,hit-and-run, threatening workers who refuse to join a strike, killingin self-defence and death penalty; frequency of own alcoholconsumption; amount of own alcohol consumption compared to others;potential risk from the consumption of illegal drugs and alcoholism;attitude to punishment depending on the situation of the perpetrator orthe victim (scale); tolerance towards minorities - social distance(people with a criminal record, people of different race, left/rightwing extremists, alcohol addicts, large families, emotionally unstablepeople, Muslims, immigrants, AIDS sufferers, drug addicts, homosexuals,Jews, Gypsies, Christians, Hindus); students, unmarried mothers; peopleof other faiths and cult members in the neighbourhood; interpersonaltrust; mutual trust of younger people to older people; estimation ofpeople´s fair and helpful behaviour; internal or external control;current satisfaction with life and five years ago; expectedsatisfaction with life in five years; perceived freedom andself-determination; willingness waiver of income or increase taxes(welfare waiver) for the environment; reduction of pollution as a taskfor the government; insecurity of the people by talking aboutpollution; fight against unemployment means to accept environmentalproblems; environmental protection and fighting pollution are lessurgent; (only in Sweden: environmental protection versus economicgrowth, human and nature). 8. National identity: geographical group the respondent feels tobelong to (town, region of country, country, Europe, the world);citizenship; national pride; fears associated with the European Union(the loss of social security and national identity, growing expenditureof the own country, the loss of power in the world for one´s owncountry and the loss of jobs); attitude towards the enlargement of theEuropean Union (10-point-scale); voting intensions in the next electionand party preference; party that appeals most; preferred immigrantpolicy; opinion on terrorism; attitude towards immigrants and theircustoms and traditions (taking jobs away, undermining a country´scultural life, making crime problems worse, strain on country´s welfaresystem, threat to society, maintaining distinct customs andtraditions); feeling like a stranger in one´s own country; too manyimmigrants; important aspects of national identity (being born in thecountry, to respect country´s political institutions and laws, havingcountry´s ancestry, to speak the national language, have been living inthe country for a long time); importance of alignment of income, ofeducational opportunities, securing the basic needs and recognition ofothers because of their performance; interest in political news in themedia; give authorities information to help justice versus stick to ownaffairs; closeness to family, the neighbourhood, the people of theregion, to the compatriots, the Europeans and mankind; concerned aboutthe living conditions of elderly people, unemployed people, immigrants,sick or disabled people and poor children; personal reasons to assistolder people and foreigners; party inclination and partyidentification; regular reading of a newspaper; television viewing;(only in Sweden: television is main entertainment); mentalpreoccupation with the meaning of life; sense of meaninglessness oflife, thoughts about death.9. Environment: attitude towards the environment (scale:overpopulation, disastrous consequences from human interference withnature, human ingenuity remains earth fit to live in, the balance ofnature is strong enough to cope with the impacts of modern industrialnations, humans were meant to rule over the rest of nature, anecological catastrophe is inevitable).10. Life experiences: the death of own child, of father or mother, thedivorce of own child, of the parents or of another relative; age ofrespondent when these events took place; age at completion ofeducation; highest educational level attained; employment status;employed or self-employed in the last job; profession (ISCO-88) andoccupational position; supervising function and span of control; sizeof company.11. Respondent’s partner: respondent´s partner or spouse: partner wasborn in the country and partner´s country of birth; highest educationallevel; employment status of the partner; employment or self-employmentof the partner in his/her last job; partner´s profession (ISCO-88) andoccupational position; supervising function of the partner and span ofcontrol; duration of unemployment and dependence on social-security ofthe respondent and his partner longer than three months in the lastfive years; number of people working in own department; labour-unionmembership of the respondent or his spouse; respondent is chief wageearner in the household; employment status and profession of the chiefwage earner; scale of household income; living together with parentswhen the respondent was 14 years old; 12. Respondent’s parents: highest educational level of father andmother (ISCED-Code); employment status of father and mother;profession of father and mother (ISCO-88) and kind of work; number ofemployees (size of business); supervising function and span of controlof father and mother; characterization of the parents when respondentwas 14 years old (scale: liked to read books, discussed politics athome with their child, liked to follow the news, had problems makingends meet and had problems replacing broken things). Sweden 1999 (additional WVS variables): satisfaction with publicservants; economic aid for poor countries, decision makers preferredregarding peacekeeping, the environment, help for developing countries,refugees and human rights; family savings during the last year.Demography: sex; age (year of birth); born in the country ofinterview; country of birth; year of immigration into the country;father and mother born in the country; country of birth of father andmother; current legal marital status; living together with the partnerbefore marriage or before the registration of partnership; livingtogether with a partner and living with a partner before; steadyrelationship; married to previous partner; end of relationship;divorced; number of children; year of birth of the first child; sizeand composition of household; living together with the parents andother relatives; living in a house or apartment; age of completededucation; highest educational level; ISCED; employment status; fulltime or part time employment of chief wage earner; number of supervisedpeople; job profession/industry (ISCO88); occupational status (SIOPS,ISEI, egp11, ESeC); unemployment; dependency on social security;belonging to labour union; employment of chief wage earner; savings;household income; subjective assessment of own social class,socio-economic status of respondent; region the respondent lived at theage of 14, present place of residence; size of town; region; region andsize of town where the interview was conducted; type of habitat,ethnic group, post-materialist index 12-item, 4-item. Interviewerrating: respondent´s interest in the interview, his confidence andcheerfulness.Additionally encoded: wave; country; interviewer identification; dateof the interview; total length of interview; time of the interview(start hour and start minute, end hour and end minute); language inwhich the interview was conducted; survey year.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
    Belgium (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
  • 1982
    Canada (1st wave)
  • 1982
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
    Denmark (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
    France (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
    Germany (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
    Great Britain (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
  • 1984
    Iceland (1st wave)
  • 1984
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
    Italy (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
  • 1983-11 / 1984-02
    Malta (1st wave)
  • 1983-11 / 1984-02
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
    Netherlands (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-03-01
    Northern Ireland (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-03-01
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
    Spain (1st wave)
  • 1981-03-01 / 1981-05-31
  • 1982-03-01 / 1982-03-31
    USA (1st wave)
  • 1982-03-01 / 1982-03-31
  • 1982-11 / 1982-12
    Norway (1st wave)
  • 1982-11 / 1982-12
  • 1982
    Sweden (1st wave)
  • 1982
  • 1990-04-09 / 1990-06-01
    Austria (1st wave)
  • 1990-04-09 / 1990-06-01
  • 1990-06-10 / 1990-06-27
    Belgium (2nd wave)
  • 1990-06-10 / 1990-06-27
  • 1990-08-01 / 1990-12-31
    Bulgaria (2nd wave)
  • 1990-08-01 / 1990-12-31
  • 1990-05-01 / 1990-06-30
    Canada (2nd wave)
  • 1990-05-01 / 1990-06-30
  • 1991-08-26 / 1991-10-06
    Czech Republic (2nd wave)
  • 1991-08-26 / 1991-10-06
  • 1990-04-01 / 1990-05-31
    Demmark (2nd wave)
  • 1990-04-01 / 1990-05-31
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-08-30
    Estonia (2nd wave)
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-08-30
  • 1990-04-01 / 1990-04-30
    Finland (2nd wave)
  • 1990-04-01 / 1990-04-30
  • 1990-06-25 / 1990-07-13
    France (2nd wave)
  • 1990-06-25 / 1990-07-13
  • 1990-05-28 / 1990-06-16
    Germany East (2nd wave)
  • 1990-05-28 / 1990-06-16
  • 1990-04-23 / 1990-05-15
    Germany West (2nd wave)
  • 1990-04-23 / 1990-05-15
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-09-20
    Great Britain (2nd wave)
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-09-20
  • 1991-05 / 1991-06
    Hungary (2nd wave)
  • 1991-05 / 1991-06
  • 1990-04-01 / 1990-04-30
    Iceland (2nd wave)
  • 1990-04-01 / 1990-04-30
  • 1990-07-06 / 1990-10-26
    Ireland (2nd wave)
  • 1990-07-06 / 1990-10-26
  • 1990-10-26 / 1990-11-26
    Italy (2nd wave)
  • 1990-10-26 / 1990-11-26
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-08-30
    Latvia (2nd wave)
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-08-30
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-08-30
    Lithuania (2nd wave)
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-08-30
  • 1991
    Malta (2nd wave)
  • 1991
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-09-30
    Netherlands (2nd wave)
  • 1990-06-01 / 1990-09-30
  • 1990-07-01 / 1990-09-30
    Northern Ireland (2nd wave)
  • 1990-07-01 / 1990-09-30
  • 1990-06-04
    Norway (2nd wave)
  • 1990-06-04
  • 1990-05 / 1990-06
    Poland (2nd wave)
  • 1990-05 / 1990-06
  • 1990-05-11 / 1990-07-13
    Portugal (2nd wave)
  • 1990-05-11 / 1990-07-13
  • 1993
    Romania (2nd wave)
  • 1993
  • 1991-08-26 / 1991-09-08
    Slovakia (2nd wave)
  • 1991-08-26 / 1991-09-08
  • 1992-02-01 / 1992-02-28
    Slovenia (2nd wave)
  • 1992-02-01 / 1992-02-28
  • 1990-04-09 / 1990-05-14
    Spain (2nd wave)
  • 1990-04-09 / 1990-05-14
  • 1990-04-01 / 1990-05-31
    Sweden (2nd wave)
  • 1990-04-01 / 1990-05-31
  • 1990-05-01 / 1990-06-30
    USA (2nd wave)
  • 1990-05-01 / 1990-06-30
  • 1999-03-23 / 1999-04-10
    France (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-23 / 1999-04-10
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-11-30
    Great Britain (3rd wave)
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-11-30
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-12-31
    Germany West (3rd wave)
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-12-31
    Germany East (3rd wave)
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-08-01 / 1999-10-31
    Austria (3rd wave)
  • 1999-08-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
    Italy (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-04-30
    Spain (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-04-30
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-12-31
    Portugal (3rd wave)
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-08-31
    Netherlands (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-08-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-06-30
    Belgium (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-06-30
  • 1999-04-01 / 1999-11-30
    Denmark (3rd wave)
  • 1999-04-01 / 1999-11-30
  • 1999-11-15 / 2000-02-13
    Sweden (3rd wave)
  • 1999-11-15 / 2000-02-13
  • 2000-09-01 / 2000-10-31
    Finland (3rd wave)
  • 2000-09-01 / 2000-10-31
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-12-31
    Iceland (3rd wave)
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-11-30
    Northern Ireland (3rd wave)
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-11-30
  • 1999-10-01 / 2000-02-28
    Ireland (3rd wave)
  • 1999-10-01 / 2000-02-28
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-10-31
    Estonia (3rd wave)
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-03-31
    Latvia (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-03-31
  • 1999-11-01 / 1999-12-31
    Lithuania (3rd wave)
  • 1999-11-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-02-01 / 1999-03-31
    Poland (3rd wave)
  • 1999-02-01 / 1999-03-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
    Czech Republic (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-07-31
    Slovakia (3rd wave)
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-07-31
  • 1999-11-01 / 1999-12-31
    Hungary (3rd wave)
  • 1999-11-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-07-31
    Romania (3rd wave)
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-07-31
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-07-31
    Bulgaria (3rd wave)
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-07-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-04-30
    Croatia (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-04-30
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-06-30
    Greece (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-06-30
  • 1999-04-01 / 1999-06-30
    Russian Federation (3rd wave)
  • 1999-04-01 / 1999-06-30
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
    Malta (3rd wave)
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-10-31
    Luxembourg (3rd wave)
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-10-31
    Slovenia (3rd wave)
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-12-01 / 1999-12-31
    Ukraine (3rd wave)
  • 1999-12-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 2000-03-01 / 2000-04-30
    Belarus (3rd wave)
  • 2000-03-01 / 2000-04-30
  • 2001-09-01 / 2001-10-01
    Turkey (3rd wave)
  • 2001-09-01 / 2001-10-01
  • 2008-07-10 / 2008-09-09
    Albania (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-10 / 2008-09-09
  • 2008-06-16 / 2008-09-19
    Armenia (4th wave)
  • 2008-06-16 / 2008-09-19
  • 2008-07-21 / 2008-10-22
    Austria (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-21 / 2008-10-22
  • 2008-07-11 / 2008-08-10
    Azerbaiijan (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-11 / 2008-08-10
  • 2008-06-11 / 2008-07-31
    Belarus (4th wave)
  • 2008-06-11 / 2008-07-31
  • 2009-04-30 / 2009-08-02
    Belgium (4th wave)
  • 2009-04-30 / 2009-08-02
  • 2008-07-12 / 2008-07-31
    Bosnia-Herzegovina (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-12 / 2008-07-31
  • 2008-04-21 / 2008-06-15
    Bulgaria (4th wave)
  • 2008-04-21 / 2008-06-15
  • 2008-10-25 / 2008-11-28
    Cyprus (4th wave)
  • 2008-10-25 / 2008-11-28
  • 2008-10-28 / 2008-12-04
    Northern Cyprus (4th wave)
  • 2008-10-28 / 2008-12-04
  • 2008-04-30 / 2008-10-31
    Croatia (4th wave)
  • 2008-04-30 / 2008-10-31
  • 2008-05-05 / 2008-11-02
    Czech Republic (4th wave)
  • 2008-05-05 / 2008-11-02
  • 2008-04-01 / 2008-09-15
    Denmark (4th wave)
  • 2008-04-01 / 2008-09-15
  • 2008-07-01 / 2008-08-31
    Estonia (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-01 / 2008-08-31
  • 2009-07-09 / 2009-07-15
    Finland (4th wave)
  • 2009-07-09 / 2009-07-15
  • 2008-05-07 / 2008-09-04
    France (4th wave)
  • 2008-05-07 / 2008-09-04
  • 2008-08-21 / 2008-09-30
    Georgia (4th wave)
  • 2008-08-21 / 2008-09-30
  • 2008-09-17 / 2009-02-10
    Germany (4th wave)
  • 2008-09-17 / 2009-02-10
  • 2009-08-01 / 2010-03-10
    Great Britain (4th wave)
  • 2009-08-01 / 2010-03-10
  • 2008-09-12 / 2008-10-26
    Greece (4th wave)
  • 2008-09-12 / 2008-10-26
  • 2008-11-26 / 2009-01-28
    Hungary (4th wave)
  • 2008-11-26 / 2009-01-28
  • 2008-06-07 / 2008-08-31
    Ireland (4th wave)
  • 2008-06-07 / 2008-08-31
  • 2009-07-15 / 2010-03-15
    Iceland (4th wave)
  • 2009-07-15 / 2010-03-15
  • 2009-10-02 / 2009-12-30
    Italy (4th wave)
  • 2009-10-02 / 2009-12-30
  • 2008-07-15 / 2008-10-13
    Kosovo (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-15 / 2008-10-13
  • 2008-06-01 / 2008-10-31
    Latvia (4th wave)
  • 2008-06-01 / 2008-10-31
  • 2008-07-21 / 2008-08-25
    Lithuania (4th wave - part 1)
  • 2008-07-21 / 2008-08-25
  • 2008-08-03 / 2008-09-14
    Lithuania (4th wave - part 2)
  • 2008-08-03 / 2008-09-14
  • 2008-05-03 / 2008-12-15
    Luxembourg (4th wave)
  • 2008-05-03 / 2008-12-15
  • 2008-06-16 / 2008-09-23
    Malta (4th wave)
  • 2008-06-16 / 2008-09-23
  • 2008-07-03 / 2008-10-13
    Republic of Macedonia (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-03 / 2008-10-13
  • 2008-07-02 / 2008-10-04
    Republic of Moldova (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-02 / 2008-10-04
  • 2008-11-12 / 2008-12-08
    Montenegro (4th wave)
  • 2008-11-12 / 2008-12-08
  • 2008-05-21 / 2008-10-21
    Netherlands (4th wave)
  • 2008-05-21 / 2008-10-21
  • 2008-09-26 / 2008-10-23
    Northern Ireland (4th wave))
  • 2008-09-26 / 2008-10-23
  • 2008-04-07 / 2008-09-02
    Norway (4th wave)
  • 2008-04-07 / 2008-09-02
  • 2008-06-27 / 2008-09-28
    Poland (4th wave)
  • 2008-06-27 / 2008-09-28
  • 2008-05-26 / 2008-08-31
    Portugal (4th wave)
  • 2008-05-26 / 2008-08-31
  • 2008-04-24 / 2008-06-30
    Romania (4th wave)
  • 2008-04-24 / 2008-06-30
  • 2008-06-28 / 2008-07-26
    Russian Federation (4th wave)
  • 2008-06-28 / 2008-07-26
  • 2008-09-25 / 2010-01-10
    Sweden (4th wave)
  • 2008-09-25 / 2010-01-10
  • 2008-05-08 / 2008-10-06
    Switzerland (4th wave)
  • 2008-05-08 / 2008-10-06
  • 2008-07-14 / 2008-07-31
    Serbia (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-14 / 2008-07-31
  • 2008-07-14 / 2008-08-29
    Slovakia (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-14 / 2008-08-29
  • 2008-03-27 / 2008-06-18
    Slowenia (4th wave)
  • 2008-03-27 / 2008-06-18
  • 2008-05-28 / 2008-07-15
    Spain (4th wave)
  • 2008-05-28 / 2008-07-15
  • 2008-11-26 / 2009-03-01
    Turkey (4th wave)
  • 2008-11-26 / 2009-03-01
  • 2008-07-12 / 2008-10-09
    Ukraine (4th wave)
  • 2008-07-12 / 2008-10-09
Geographic Coverage
  • Albania (AL)
  • Albania (AL)
  • Armenia (AM)
  • Armenia (AM)
  • Azerbaijan (AZ)
  • Azerbaijan (AZ)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Georgia (GE)
  • Georgia (GE)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Moldova, Republic of (MD)
  • Moldova, Republic of (MD)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Kosovo-Metohija (RS-KM)
  • Kosovo-Metohija (RS-KM)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Ukraine (UA)
  • Ukraine (UA)
  • United States (US)
  • United States (US)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkish Cypriot Community
Sampled Universe
EVS 2008: Persons 18 years or older who are resident within private households, regardless of nationality and citizenship or language. In Armenia persons 15 years or older and in Finland persons from 18 to 74 years were interviewed. EVS 1999: Adult population of the country 18 years and older (no upper age limit) EVS 1990: Adult population of the country 18 years and older EVS 1981: Adult population of the country 18 years and older
Sampling
EVS 2008: Representative multi-stage or stratified random sample of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older (except Armenia 15+ and Finland 18 to 74 years). They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. The net sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1500 respondents per country, except Northern Cyprus and Northern Ireland (with 500 interviews each), Iceland (808), Cyprus (1000), Ireland (1013), Norway (1090), Finland (1134), Sweden (1187), Switzerland (1272) France (random sample: 1501, two additional quota samples: 1570), Germany (disproportional sample East: 1004, West: 1071). For country-specific in-formation, see EVS, GESIS (2010): EVS 2008 Method Report. GESIS-Technical Reports 2010/17. Retrieved from EVS webpage. EVS 1999: Representative multi-stage random sample of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. With the exception of Greece, in all countries surveys were carried out by experienced professional survey organizations. The slightly different sampling procedures in each country are described in detail in the source book of Loek Halman, The European Values Study: A Third Wave. Source book of the 1999/2000 European Values Study Surveys. Tilburg: EVS, WORC, Tilburg University 2001. Retrieved from EVS website/Surveys/Survey 1999: EVS webpage. EVS 1990: Representative multi-stage random sample respective quota sample of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older. EVS 1981: Nationally representative samples were selected. The target number of interviews in each country was set at 1000, with an additional booster quota sample of 200 young adults aged 18-24.
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 865
Note
Publications based on EVS data should acknowledge this by means of bibliographic citations. To ensure that such source attributions are captured for social science bibliographic utilities, citations must appear in the footnotes or in the reference section of publications.How to cite the longitudinal data:EVS (2011): European Values Study 1981-2008, Longitudinal Data File. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne, Germany, ZA4804 Data File Version 2.0.0 (2011-12-30), doi:10.4232/1.11005.How to cite this publication:EVS, GESIS (2011): EVS 1981-2008 Variable Report. GESIS-Variable Reports 2011/10. Retrieved from http://www.europeanvaluesstudy.eu/.
Availability
Delivery
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.

Update Metadata: 2015-09-02 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2011-06-07

Ilir, Gedeshi; Zulehner, Paul M.; Rotman, David; Dobbelaere, Karel; Billiet, Jaak et. al. (2011): European Values Study Longitudinal Data File 1981-2008 (EVS 1981-2008). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.4804