In and Out of the Forest: Decentralisation and Recentralisation of Forest Governance in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Version
1
Resource Type
Text
Creator
  • Bullinger, Cathrin
  • Haug, Michaela
Collective Title
  • ASEAS – Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies
    5(2)
Publication Date
2012-12-30
Publication Place
Vienna
Contributor
  • SEAS – Gesellschaft für Südostasienwissenschaften / Society for South-East Asian Studies (Editor)
Language
English
Free Keywords
Decentralisation; East Kalimantan; Forest Governance; Indonesia; Local Livelihoods
Description
  • Abstract

    The ‘big bang’ decentralisation reforms Indonesia embarked upon in 2001 went along with a decentralisation of the forestry sector. Hopes were high that this would improve local development and contribute to more sustainable forest management. However, undesired outcomes of decentralisation have been counteracted by an immediate effort to recentralise forest governance. In this paper, we address the question what actual impact both de- and recentralisation of forest governance had on the livelihoods of local communities in East Kalimantan. Our findings are based on field studies conducted in two villages using ethnographic methods. We show that under decentralised forest governance, unclear functional competences and overlapping authorities of the central and local governments triggered a logging boom that increased inter- and intra-village conflicts, exacerbating inequality, and leading to further deforestation. On the other hand, the recentralisation of the forestry sector and the increased central state control of illegal logging deprived villagers of lucrative income sources without offering adequate alternatives, while ending therewith associated conflicts. Our case studies thus show that de- and recentralisation had both positive and negative effects on a local level. However, we argue that continual decentralisation efforts would be more promising for the improvement of local communities in East Kalimantan.
Note
Peer-Reviewed
Availability
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Rights
Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
Relations
  • Is part of
    ISSN: 1999-253X (Online) (Text)
  • Is part of
    ISSN: 1999-2521 (Print) (Text)
  • Is identical to
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.14764/10.ASEAS-5.2-4 (Text)

Update Metadata: 2020-02-10 | Issue Number: 9 | Registration Date: 2013-02-14