Election Study 1990 (Panel)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kaase, Max (Universität Mannheim)
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Küchler, Manfred (Hunter College, New York)
  • Pappi, Franz U. (Universitäten Kiel und Mannheim)
  • Semetko, Holli A. (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor)
  • Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
Publication Date
  • Kratz, Sophia (GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften) (Data Curator)
  • MARPLAN, Offenbach (Data Collector)
  • Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Mass media
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
  • Abstract

    Judgement on parties, politicians and political issues in a four-wave panel study. Political attitudes and judgement on the election campaign before and after the Federal Parliament Election 1990. Topics: most important political problems in the Federal Republic; interest in politics; party preference (Sunday question and ballot system, rank order procedure); voting behavior in the last Federal Parliament Election; sympathy scale for parties and leading politicians; satisfaction with democracy; attitude to an absolute majority of the SPD or CDU and to a grand coalition; coalition preference; judgement on the current economic situation and on future development in the Federal Republic and in Eastern Germany; personal economic situation and future development; issue-relevance and issue-competence of the parties or coalitions; attitude to the 35-hour-week, to the support of emigrants and to the right to vote for foreigners; self-classification and classification of the parties as well as of the chancellor candidates on a left-right continuum; postmaterialism; attitude to the unification of the two German States and preference for a quick unification; expectation of short-term or long-term advantages or disadvantages for the West German population due to reunification; support for Kohl or Lafontaine in the question of reunification; preference for federal chancellor; comparison of the two chancellor candidates by means of a list of characteristics; characteristics of an ideal chancellor candidate; satisfaction with the government coalition as well as the individual parties; point in time of voting decision; preference for a government by a single party or a coalition; satisfaction with the Federal Parliament Election result; improvement of the election result with alternative chancellor candidates; knowledge of election predictions and their influence on one´s voting decision; interest in opinion polls; judgement on the Federal Parliament Election campaign; neutrality of television in the election campaign; parties given favored treatment on television; personal participation in election meetings; attitude to trade unions as well as to the catholic and protestant church; expected winner of the Federal Parliament Election; attitude to the entry of the Republicans or the PDS into the Federal Parliament; concern about one´s job; political discussions within the family and interest in news on television as well as in local and national daily newspapers; interest in the political part of the daily newspaper and in election campaign topics; interest in the election campaign; reading habits; most important news sources; reading SPIEGEL and ZEIT. Demography: age; sex; marital status; religious denomination; religiousness; frequency of church attendance; school education; vocational training; examination or diploma; profession; employment; industrial sector; composition of household; respondent is head of household; characteristics of head of household; union membership; memberships; party inclination.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1989-11 / 1989-12
    1st wave
  • 1990-05 / 1990-06
    2nd wave
  • 1990-10 / 1990-11
    3rd wave
  • 1990-12
    4th wave
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Eligible voters
Probability: Multistage; Probability: Stratified; Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal: Panel
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Telephone interview
  • Oral interview with standardized questionnaire in the first three waves and telephone interview in the fourth wave.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2070
    Number of Variables: 611
The data set contains a four-wave panel study including ZA Study Nos. 1915 to 1918. In the first wave 2056 persons were interviewed; in the second wave, 1678 persons (202 telephone interviews); in the third wave, 1451 (101 telephone interviews); and in the fourth wave (after the Federal Parliament Election), 907 respondents were interviewed by telephone. The persons targeted in the first wave were selected by random, however, only those persons were interviewed, who agreed to participate in the following surveys. Thus, even the first wave cannot be called representative. Representative surveys at the same period of time are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1920 (Politbarometer West for the year 1990); 1987 Politbarometer East for the second half of 1990), 1964 and 1965 (quick surveys before the Federal Parliament Election 1990 in West and East).
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA1919 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • WAHLEN (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.1919

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2013-05-22