EU-Profiler: Positioning of the Parties in the 2009 European Elections

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Trechsel, Alexander (European University Institute (EUI), Florence)
Publication Date
  • Principal investigator (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Parties, Organizations
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
  • Abstract

    The EU Profiler is a Voting Advice Application (VAA) running during the European Elections of 2009. It situates the parties competing in these elections (and includes parties from three non-EU-Member-States) in a political spectrum, according to their positioning with regard to 30 statements on: (a) Welfare, family and health: welfare programmes maintained even if taxes increase, privatization of healthcare services, increase in subsidies for childcare; (b) Migration and immigration: encourage immigration of skilled workers, restrict immigration; (c) Society, religion and culture: legalisation of same sex marriages, greater respect for religious values in politics, decriminalisation of soft drugs, legalisation of euthanasia; (d) Finances and taxes: reduction of government spending, tax-raising powers for EU, bail out failing banks with public money; (e) Economy and work: reduction of workers´ protection regulation, reduction of EU subsidies to farmers; (f) Environment, transport and energy: support for renewable sources of energy, promotion of public transport, fighting global warming; (g) Law and order: restrictions of civil liberties, more severe punishment for criminals; (h)Foreign policy: EU should speak with one voice, EU should strengthen security and defence policy; (i) European integration; judgement about EU integration is good, benefits from EU-Membership, accession of Turkey, more power to EP, less veto power for individual member states, referendum on EU-treaty; (j) Country specific items.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2009-01 / 2009-04
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Croatia (HR)
Sampled Universe
Political parties in European Union member states
Sampling Procedure Comment: Total count (incomplete). Parties were not selected if (1) they had no chance to win a seat at the elections, (2) had not documentation available to be positioned on the 30 policy statements or (3) if the party did not reply to the self-placement.
Collection Mode
  • Postal, email and online survey (self-placement of political parties). Content analysis of party manifestos and additional information by experts.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 274
    Number of Variables: 112
This dataset contains information about the issue positions of all parties included in the EU Profiler. Parties were offered the possibility of declaring their own position on each of the 30 issues included in the EU Profiler: if refusing to do so, the position would be coded by EU Profiler country experts. For each party, the dataset contains such issue positions on all 30 issues, and also includes aggregate measures on a general ´left/right´, as well as an overall ´pro/anti EU integration´ dimension. Party families are coded as well. The positioning of the parties on the 30 statements was coded by experts. For each country, a team was created (30 teams). The EU Profiler is the first Europe-wide voting advice application (VAA). The EU Profiler consortium consists of the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, the Amsterdam-based company Kieskompas and the NCCR Democracy (University of Zurich/Zentrum für Demokratie Aarau)/Politools network. The three partner institutions jointly finance the project with the acknowledged support of the Max Weber Fellow Programme at the EUI.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5839 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Trechsel, Alexander H.; Mair, Peter: "When Parties (Also) Position Themselves: An Introduction to the EU Profiler". RSCAS Working Paper 2009/65
  • Gagatek, Wojtek: The 2009 Elections to the European Parliament. Country Reports 2009

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 25 | Registration Date: 2013-06-18