International Social Survey Programme: Work Orientation III - ISSP 2005

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • ISSP Research Group
Publication Date
  • Gibson, Rachel (The Australian National University, Australia) (Researcher)
  • Wilson, Shaun (Macquarie University, Australia) (Researcher)
  • Dimova, Lilia (Agency for Social Analyses (ASA), Sofia, Bulgaria) (Researcher)
  • Pammett, Jon H. (Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Papageorgiou, Bambos (Center of Applied Research (CAR), Cyprus College, Nicosia, Cyprus) (Researcher)
  • Vecernik, Jiri (Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Jorgen Goul (Aalborg University, Department of Economics, Politics and Public Administration, Aalborg, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Tonboe, Jens Christian (Department of Social Studies and Organisation, Aalborg University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Borre, Ole (University of Aarhus, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Nielsen, Hans Jorgen (Department of Political Science, University of Copenhagen, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Bjarne Hjorth (Department of Sociology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Kjaer, Ulrik (Department of Political Science, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Tobiasen, Mette (The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Copenhagen, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Dore, Carlos (Instituto Nacional de Opinion Public (INOP), Republica Dominicana;) (Researcher)
  • Blom, Raimo (University of Tampere, Finland) (Researcher)
  • Melin, Harri (University of Turku, Finland) (Researcher)
  • Tanskanen, Eero (Statistics Finland, Helsinki, Finland) (Researcher)
  • Carton, Ann (Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap (MVG), Administratie Planning en Statistiek, Flanders (Belgium)) (Researcher)
  • Billiet, Jaak (Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Waege, Hans (University of Gent, Gent, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Molenberghs, Geert (University of Hasselt, Hasselt, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Elchardus, Mark (University of Brussel, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Breda, Jef (University of Antwerpen, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Forsé, Michel (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France) (Researcher)
  • Lemel, Yannick (Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Èconomiques (INSEE), Paris, France) (Researcher)
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. (ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany) (Researcher)
  • Phadraig, Máire Ni Ghiolla (Social Science Research Centre, National University of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah (Tel Aviv University, Israel) (Researcher)
  • Tabuns, Aivars (Insitute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia) (Researcher)
  • Kono, Kei (NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Curiel, Federico (Instituto de Mercadotecnia y Opinión (IMO), Mexico) (Researcher)
  • Gendall, Philip (Department of Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand) (Researcher)
  • Skjåk, Knut Kalgraff (Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD), Bergen, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Leiulfsrud, Haakon (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Ryen, Anne (Agder University College, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Knudsen, Knud (University of Stavanger, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Guerrero, Linda Luz (Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Quezon City, Philippines) (Researcher)
  • Cabral, Manuel Villaverde (Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Freire, Joao (Institutio Superior de Ciencias do Trabalho e da Empresa, Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Khakhulina, Ludmila (Levada-Center, Moscow, Russia) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Diez-Nicolás, Juan (Anàlisis Sociòlógicos Ecónomicos y Politicos (ASEP), Madrid, Spain) (Researcher)
  • Seok, Hyunho (Survey Research Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South-Korea) (Researcher)
  • Rule, Steven P. (Human Sciences Research Council, South-Africa) (Researcher)
  • Edlund, Jonas (Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Joye, Dominique (Institut SIDOS, Neuchâtel, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Chang, Ying-hwa (Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan) (Researcher)
  • Davis, James A. (NORC, USA) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Johannes (Aalborg University, Department of Economics, Politics and Public Administration, Aalborg, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Torpe, Lars (Aalborg University, Department of Economics, Politics and Public Administration, Aalborg, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Lolle, Henrik (Aalborg University, Department of Economics, Politics and Public Administration, Aalborg, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Togeby, Lise (University of Aarhus, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Fridberg, Torben (The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Copenhagen, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Lossveldt, Geert (Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Swyngedouw, Marc (Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Koroleva, Ilze (Insitute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia) (Researcher)
  • Nishi, Kumiko (NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Aramaki, Hiroshi (NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Godinez, Jorge (Instituto de Mercadotecnia y Opinión (IMO), Mexico) (Researcher)
  • Vala, Jorge (Institutio Superior de Ciencias do Trabalho e da Empresa, Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Svallfors, Stefan (Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Kim, Sang-Wook (Survey Research Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South-Korea) (Researcher)
  • Smith, Tom W. (NORC, USA) (Researcher)
  • Marsden, Peter V. (NORC, USA) (Researcher)
  • Ganzeboom, Harry B.G. (Faculty of Social Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • National Center for Social Research, Great Britain (Researcher)
  • TARKI, Social Research Centre, Budapest, Hungary (Researcher)
  • Australian Social Science Data Archive, Australia (Data Collector)
  • Agency for Social Analyses (ASA), Sofia and PDP, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • Carleton University Survey Centre, Ottawa, Canada (Data Collector)
  • Center of Applied Research (CAR), Cyprus College, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • SC&C, Institute of Market Investigation, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • SFI Survey, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • Asisa Resarch Group (ARG), Dominikanische Republik (Data Collector)
  • Statistics Finland, Helsinki, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brüssel, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative,Malakoff, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, München, Germany (Data Collector)
  • National Centre for Social Research, Great Britain (Data Collector)
  • TARKI Social Research Centre, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • B.I. and Lucille Cohen Institute for Public Opinion Research, Israel (Data Collector)
  • Central Research Services, Tokyo, Japan (Data Collector)
  • Insitute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • Instituto de Mercadotecnia y Opinión (IMO), Mexico (Data Collector)
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Massey University, Department of Marketing, New Zealand (Data Collector)
  • TNS Gallup, Oslo, Norway (Data Collector)
  • Social Weather Stations, Quezon City, Philippines (Data Collector)
  • TNS-Euroteste, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • Levada-Center, Moscow, Russia (Data Collector)
  • Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana,Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • Análisis Sociológicos Económicos y Políticos (ASEP), Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • Human Sciences Research Council, South-Africa (Data Collector)
  • Survey Research Center, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South-Korea (Data Collector)
  • SIFO Research & Consulting, Stockholm, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • MIS Trend, Institut pour l`étude des marchés et les sondages d`opinion, Lausanne, Switzerland (Data Collector)
  • Center of Survey Research, Academia Sinica, Taiwan (Data Collector)
  • National Opinion Research Center NORC, University of Chicago, USA (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Employment
  • Abstract

    Attitude to work. Work orientation and description of work contents. Topics: Preferred time budget for selected activities such as work, leisure time etc.; work orientation; importance of selected demands of a job (scale); preference for being self-employed or being an employee and working in a small or in a large firm and working in private business or civil service; advantages of the employee status (greater job security and lower impairment of the family life); importance of unions for job security and working conditions of employee; preference for full-time employment or part-time employment; preference for more work (and money) or for reduction in working hours; characterization of the respondent´s work and work satisfaction (scale); physical exhaustion after work; frequency of dangerous and unhealthy job situations; possibility of flexible organisation of respondent´s working time; personal opportunity to influence the organization of the workday or work process; difficulties in handling personal matters during working hours; frequency of the impairment of the family life by the work requirements and vice versa; usefulness of the abilities learned from past work experience for the present job; helpfulness of the present work experiences for looking for a new job; job training in past year to improve job skills; judgement on the relationship between management and employees (working atmosphere); description of personal commitment to work; identification with firm or organization (scale); expected difficulties in finding a job as good as the current one; self-assessment of one´s own substitutability; likeliness of job search in the coming 12 months; worrying about one´s own job security; accepted concessions to avoid own unemployment (accepting a job with new demands, accepting of a lower paid position, temporary employment and longer travel to get to work); existence of a side job; self-assessment of psychological characteristics of personality. Those who are not currently employed were asked: work for more than one year and time last paid job ended; main reason for the end of employment; interest in finding a paid job; expected difficulties in finding a new job; currently looking for a job; activities in the search for work; training activities to improve job skills in past year; main income source. Demography: sex; age; marital status; living together with a partner; education and duration of education; current employment status; occupation (ISCO88); employment in private or public sector; self-employment or employee; personal employees; time worked each week; superior function and span of control; company size; income; religious denomination; religiousness; union member; self-assessment of social class; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party preference; size of household and composition; city size; region; original country of origin or ethnic group affiliation.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2005-02 / 2007-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Vlaams Gewest (BE-VLG)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Korea, Republic of (KR)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Dominican Republic (DO)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • South Africa (ZA)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Mexico (MX)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Taiwan (TW)
  • United States (US)
  • Netherlands (NL)
Sampled Universe
Age: 18 years old (exception: Finland: 15, Japan and South Africa: 16) and older
Probability; Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
  • Mail, written or oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 43440
    Number of Variables: 303
The number of cases and survey time intervals for the individual countries are given as follows: Australia, 1988 cases (31. August 2005 to 29. December 2005); Bulgaria, 1121 cases (15. July to 26. July 2005); Canada, 933 cases (3. March 2006 to 31. October 2006); Cyprus, 1000 cases (10. October 2005 to 16. December 2005); Czech Republic, 1226 cases (16. May 2005 to 06. June 2005); Denmark, 1598 cases (08. May 2006 to 14. November 2006); Dominican Republic, 1958 cases (25. November 2005 to 15. December 2005), Germany, (West: 1114, Ost:587) 1701 cases (18. March 2006 to 21. August 2006); Finland, 1345 cases (14. September to 30. November 2005); Flanders (Belgien) 1338 cases (07. March 2005 to 21. June 2005); France, 1620 cases (September 2005 to December 2005), Great Britain, 913 cases (June 2005 to November 2005); Hungary, 1012 cases (04. November 2005 to 20. November 2005); Ireland, 1001 cases (October 2005 to February 2006); Israel, 1184 cases (15. February 2005 to 01. September 2005); Japan, 921 cases (19. November 2005 to 27. November 2005); Latvia, 1067 cases (unknown); Mexico, 1401 cases (24. July 2006 to 16. August 2006); Netherlands, 925 cases (March 2006 to December 2006); New Zealand, 1309 cases (09. August 2005 to 30. September 2005); Norway, 1322 cases (12. October 2005 to 09. December 2005); Philippines, 1200 cases (25. February 2005 to 10. March 2005); Portugal, 1837 cases (09. October 2006 to 19. February 2007); Russia, 1605 cases (20. January 2006 to 24. January 2006); Slovenia, 1002 cases (March 2005 to May 2005); South-Africa, 2884 cases (August 2005 to September 2005); South-Korea, 1613 cases (25. June 2005 to 30. August 2005); Spain, 1203 cases (17. October to 23. October 2005); Sweden, 1371 cases (February 2005 to April 2005); Switzerland, 1078 cases (16. March 2005 to 7. July 2005); Taiwan, 2171 cases (01. July 2005 to 31. August 2005; USA, 1518 cases (07. March 2006 to 07. August 2006). The surveys were conducted in the particular national language. The data file and documentation of the present ISSP module have been prepared by ASEP/JDS ( and in Madrid, Spain, under a cooperation agreement between ZA and ASEP/JDS. Data formats and documentation standards may therefore differ slightly from the remainder of the series.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4350 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.4350

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 92 | Registration Date: 2013-07-23