Differences in Power Structures Regarding Access to Natural Resources at the Village Level in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia)

Resource Type
  • Koch, Sebastian (Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Faculty of Agricultural Science & Department of Human Geography, Institute of Geography at the University of Göttingen)
  • Faust, Heiko (Department of Human Geography, Institute of Geography, University of Göttingen)
  • Barkmann, Jan (Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Faculty of Agricultural Science, University of Göttingen)
Collective Title
  • ASEAS – Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies
Publication Date
Publication Place
  • SEAS – Gesellschaft für Südostasienwissenschaften / Society for South-East Asian Studies (Editor)
Free Keywords
Deforestation; Common Pool Resource; Village Institutions; Indonesia
  • Abstract

    The mountain forests of the Indonesian province of Central Sulawesi include core areas of the global Wallacea biodiversity “hotspot”. Remote sensing data indicated that deforestation rates around Central Sulawesi’s Lore-Lindu National Park differ more strongly between villages than could be explained by differences in the individual characteristics of the village households as assessed by quantitative village censuses. This setting provided the background for a study into inter-village differences in power structures regarding access to natural resources. Our results are abstracted from 3*10 semi-structured, qualitative interviews with key informants from the leading groups of autochthonous and migrant households of three contrasting villages. In village A, nearly feudal power relationships are exerted by a group of local “first settler” families that dominate formal village leadership as well as the in fluential Council of Traditional Leaders (Lembaga Adat), and that restrict deforestation and land transactions. No such institutional restrictions exist in village C. Traditional power relationships are replaced by economic power based on petty capitalist- type production of the international agricultural commodity cocoa. Deforestation is much higher in village C. In village B, traditional institutions and power structures still appear in place although land transactions are less restricted than in village A, resulting also in high deforestation rates. While contrasting problematic social effects, our study highlights the potential efficacy of traditional institutions in the regulation of access to resources.
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Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
  • Is part of
    ISSN: 1999-253X (Online) (Text)
  • Is part of
    ISSN: 1999-2521 (Print) (Text)
  • Is identical to
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.14764/10.ASEAS-1.2-5 (Text)

Update Metadata: 2020-02-10 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2011-03-14