Technology and Work Organization in Mechanical Engineering (NIFA-Panel: 3rd Wave 1993)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Ehlich, Hartmut (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Lehner, F. (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Treinen, Heiner (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Schmid, J. (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
Publication Date
  • ICON, Nuremberg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Labour relations/conflict
    • In-job training
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    Company profile, product structure, use of technology in the company, qualification, personnel structure, production structure. Use of computer-aided technologies and conventional technologies in mechanical engineering, work organization in production. Topics: Company profile: individual company; cooperation with other companies; proportion of distributed processing in product manufacturing; company manufacturing and out-sourced processes in product manufacturing; expected development of turnover, personnel development, intensity of competition and demand development in the next few years; current order back-log; concentration of management function in the company on a single person; existence of longer-term delivery relations; number of departments, organizational structure and hierarchies of the company; turnover. Product structure: proportion of turnover of the most important product groups; production of standard products or production according to customer specification; new introduction of innovative products or further development of current products; assessment of future development of product structure. Use of technology in the company: use of computer-aided technologies in production and management; use of NC/CNC machines, CAD and DNC systems; use of computer-aided work planning and programming (CAP) as well as computer-aided quality control (CAQ); use of computer-aided inventory systems, control systems and production planning systems (PPS) as well as use of company expert systems; proportion of computer-aided processing machines; network of computer-aided systems in different company function areas; last system network, type of interfaces and reasons for selection. Personnel structure: information on number of employees and degree of qualification in the different production areas; change of number of employees in the last year. Production structure: proportion of mass-production, small-scale and large-scale production as well as one-of-a-kind; proportion of production within the company; full utilization of machines and personnel; characterization of various forms of organization and types of production; number of employees in the area computer-aided processing technologies. Work organization in production: extent of activities conducted by machine operators with computer-aided as well as conventional business equipment in the individual work processes; bundling of task distribution; extent of self-determination of machine operators; group work in the area of production; size and composition of teams; tasks taken on by the teams; organizational structure and general characterization of teams. Qualification: type of measures for further education for employees supported by the company; number of participants and degree of qualification of employees in such measures for further education. The following questions were also posed in the new states: owner; area of business affiliation; number of employees subsidized by the BfA; company size in 1990; proportion of advance payment as well as proportion of business of spatially differentiated customers; significance of different competition strategies. The following questions were also posed in the old states: most important sources of information for obtaining software; significance of recommendation of external advisers and organizations for company decisions.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993-09 / 1994-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Sample of mechanical engineering companies with at least 20 employees and company production facilities
Collection Mode
  • Written survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1661
    Number of Variables: 252
The study is part of a panel survey (NIFA-Panel) archived under ZA Study Nos. 2442 to 2445. This survey took place in the old as well as in the new states. A survey of works councils in companies of this area of business is archived under ZA Study No. 3101.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2444 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Rogalski, Wolfgang; Hauptmanns, Peter: Technik und Arbeitsorganisation im Maschinenbau: Neue Informationstechnologien und flexible Arbeitssysteme (NIFA- Panel). In: ZA-Information 33, 1993, S. 115-127.
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Maschinenbau in den neunziger Jahren: Kontinuität und Wandel einer Branche. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag 2000.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 245 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22