Political and Economic Problems Russia 1994

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung)
  • Mnenie Poll Service, Moskau, Russland
Other Title
  • Politicheskie i ekonomicheskie problemy Rossiya 1994 (Original Title)
Publication Date
  • Mnenie Poll Service, Moscow, Russia (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic policy
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Voting behavior, political system and economic reforms. Topics: Unemployment in the past year and length of unemployment; unemployment benefit; partial unemployment; irregular salary; employer status; preferred money use; cover of the cost of living by basic salary; second job; queuing and amount of time; main sources of income; handling with money; renouncing from necessary things; living standard; economic situation of the socialist economy in 1989, of the current economic system and of the Russian´s economy in 1998 (scale); present economic situation of the family in comparison to that 5 years ago; expected economic situation within 5 years; responsibility for the economic problems of the country (scale); speed of economic reforms; most important tasks of the government this year; present fears; acceptance of the governmental system in the country; solution of political problems (scale); assessment of the communist regime, the current system and the political system to be expected in 1999; changes of the governmental system since Perestroika regarding liberty, free settling, political influence, personal liberty, interests in politics, fairness of government and religious freedom; preferred type of state for Russia (scale); trust in institutions; danger of the national safety by other countries; parliament dissolving and ban of parties; political participation; party preference; party affiliation; earlier membership in the communist party; voting in the Parliament Elections 1993 and party voted for; reasons for not voting; relationship between President and Parliament; voting in the Constitution project; new constitution ensures justice and unity; relationship between President and deputies; voting intention in the Presidential Elections; resignation of Yeltsin and Chernomirdin; repetition of the events of September/October 1993; preferred development of military production; national pride; destruction of nuclear weapons; in case of a war fight for the country; opinion about CIS; influence on the citizens´ financial situation; preferred relationship to the former Soviet Republics; Russia´s help for other CIS-states; opinion about the EU; think as an European citizen; Russia as a member of the EU; work in a western country; privatization of large companies (scale); use of the voucher; satisfaction with investment fund share; probability of the privatization of your place of work; effects of the privatization on job security, payment, influencing control and product quality; number of children; size of household; nationality; stay abroad; religiousness.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Russian Federation (RU)
Sampled Universe
The residential population aged 18 years and older.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3535
    Number of Variables: 190
Further election studies of the project "Founding Elections in Eastern Europe" (H.-D. Klingemann, Science Center Berlin -WZB-; supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation) are archived under ZA-Nos.: ZA2465-ZA2469, ZA2485-ZA2488, ZA2560-ZA2562, ZA2811-ZA2819, ZA2901-ZA2912, ZA3053-ZA3057, ZA3175-ZA3176 and ZA3631-ZA3633. Comparable election studies from Eastern Europe are archived under ZA-Nos.: ZA3123-ZA3126, ZA3215-ZA3218, ZA3527-ZA3530, ZA3631-ZA3633, ZA3888-ZA3893.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2818 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Gel´man, Vladimir; Golosov, Grigori V. (Hrsg.): Elections in Russia 1993-1996. Analyses, Documents and Data. Berlin: Ed. Sigma, 1999.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 91 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22