Attitudes on Foreign and Security Policy in the Federal Republic

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Rattinger, Hans (Lehrstuhl für Politikwissenschaft, Universität Bamberg)
Publication Date
  • BASISRESEARCH, Frankfurt (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Armed Forces, Defense, Military Affairs
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Judgement on questions of foreign policy and security policy. Topics: judgement on the current economic situation as well as the change of the situation since reunification for the part of the country in which the respondent lives (East or West); expected economic situation for one´s part of the country; satisfaction with democracy in the Federal Republic; party preference (Sunday question); certainty of one´s voting decision; most important political controversies for the voting decision; judgement on one´s own current economic situation and change since reunification; expected development of one´s own economic situation; attitude to selected statements on world security, stationing nuclear weapons, American culture influence on German culture, armament, national consciousness and NATO (scale); sympathy scale for the French, Persians, Turks, English, Chinese, Americans, Israelis, Poles, Swiss, Russians and Japanese; importance of good relations of the Federal Republic with selected European neighbors and some non-European countries; sympathy scale for leading politicians such as Yeltsin, Hussein, Kohl, Walesa, Major, Havel, Genscher, Mitterand, Gorbachev and Bush; countries presenting the greatest threat to Germany and assessment of the size of this threat; difference in interests in foreign policy of the USA and the Federal Republic; trust in the USA in coping with problems in world politics; attitude to security policy, armament, NATO, jeopardy to peace, weapons purchase, coping with conflict and soldiers as potential murderers (scale); attitude to the Federal German Armed Forces in the current form as mixture of persons liable for military service or as a professional army; preferred number of soldiers in the Federal German Armed Forces; assessment of the probability of war in Germany in the next ten years; attitude to current defense expenditures in the Federal Republic; most reliable partner of Germany in case of a military conflict; preference for leadership powers or equal rights of all nations to protect world peace; most impressive events in world politics of late; assessment of the threat potential from immigration, military conflicts in the East, business competition, drug trade, terrorism, third world conflicts, spread of nuclear weapons, religious fanaticism, communism, environmental catastrophes, armament, world economic crisis or Russian troops in Germany; country one feels is capable of a nuclear first strike; sympathy scale for the CDU/CSU, SPD, FDP, the Greens, the Republican and the PDS; self-classification on a left-right continuum; attitude to questions of military policy and security policy such as necessity of a country´s own military forces for sovereignty of the country, including British and French nuclear weapons in disarmament, necessity of the NATO and modern fighter planes such as ´Jaeger 90´, non-involvement in other countries, conflict-free solution of disputes between countries, protection of German culture from foreign influences and justification of the war against Iraq (scale); judgement on the care of the government for the citizens; preferred areas for reductions in the Federal Budget; attitude to financial sacrifices by Germans to improve living conditions in Eastern Europe; attitude to European unification, world-wide deployment of the Federal German Armed Forces and renunciation of claims to territory regarding Eastern European countries; attitude to reduction in nuclear weapons; comparison of civil rights and liberties in the Federal Republic with other countries; stress from maneuvers and low-flying aircraft; necessity of defense preparedness of the Federal German Armed Forces; damage to German standing from arms exports; NATO as provider of peace; judgement on the recognition of the independence of Croatia and Slovenia by the Federal Government; election participation as citizen duty; inevitability of wars; citizen orientation of the politicians; most important future tasks of NATO; NATO relationship with the former East Bloc; general sense of security; comprehensibility of the world; postmaterialism (Inglehart index); dogmatism and rigidity (scale) by means of pairs of terms; attitude to reduction of military disarmament and current withdrawal of American troops from the Federal Republic; judgement on the troop strength of the Federal German Armed Forces after the planned troop reduction; expected increase in security in the world; attitude to military aid for other countries; judgement on American influence on the Federal Republic; judgement on the ability of German foreign policy to achieve; attitude to deployment of NATO outside of the NATO area; attitude to a strong Federal German Armed Forces without specific military danger from outside; perceived personal influence on foreign and defense policy; personal readiness for risk; attitude to intervention by Germany in affairs of world politics; war as necessary means to protect national interests; superiority of German culture; involving American defense in Europe; self-assessment of interest in defense and foreign policy; frequency of obtaining news on television as well as in the daily newspaper; preferred daily newspaper; national, local or international main focus of interests in the news; communication partner with questions of foreign and defense policy; frequency of conversations about these topics; evaluation of selected international organizations such as UN, WEU, NATO, EC, CSCE; knowledge about stationing medium-range nuclear missiles in Germany, against which was protested ten years earlier; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; respondent or member of household with longer stay abroad. The following question was also posed to men: military service and length of personal military service. The following was presented to the respondent as form to be filled out: issue ability of the parties and issue relevance in questions of East-West balance, European unification, questions of defense policy, territory demands regarding Eastern European countries and regarding the possibilities for foreigners to move to Germany. In the 2nd or 3rd wave the following additional questions were posed: attitude to selected statements on expansion of the EC as threat to German culture and on permission by the UN to bomb Serbian positions; sympathy scale for leading politicians such as Kinkel, Clinton and Ghali; attitude to military attacks on Iraq due to the disregard for the UN resolution; attitude to conducting a referendum on further European unification, to violent actions against foreigners and to militarily enforcing flight prohibition over Bosnia and Herzegovina; most important future tasks of the Federal German Armed Forces (scale); probability of future events such as: more effective role of the UN in solution of international problems, concentration of the USA on domestic problems under the Clinton government (scale); attitude to selected statements such as media as megaphone of the government in questions of world politics, a common European military force, deployment of troops in Somalia, distribution of aid and use of force by the UN in former Yugoslavia; assessment of the credibility of media in questions of world politics; attitude to termination of the war in former Yugoslavia by use of military of the UN, to continuation of European unification only with concurrent introduction of laws on democratic participation and control; attitude to making easier or restricting possibilities for foreigners to move to Germany; most important areas in which Germany should take more responsibility (scale); security feeling regarding of the current situation in world politics; judgement on the European domestic market; attitude to withdrawal of American forces from the FRG; attitude to the costs of European agricultural policy, to further stationing of UN troops in Somalia to restore civil order, to the loss of prestige by Germany from violence against foreigners and to the ability of the UN to function only under leadership of the USA; attitude to further development of the EC regarding introduction of a common European citizenship, foreign policy, defense policy, central bank, immigration policy, currency and personal recommendation on the most urgent further development; attitude to neglect of Europe by the USA, to economic success of the FRG from membership in the EC, to minimizing immigration through increased foreign aid; attitude to media reporting that places its main focus on conflicts; feeling of shame to be a German due to violence against foreigners; mistrust of other countries regarding Germany since reunification; impossibility of solving big problems of this world; attitude to Germany in the Security Council; democratic decisions in the EC; Germany as paymaster of the EC; importance of stationing German troops in Somalia. Demography: sex; year of birth; religious denomination; religiousness; ties to church; school training; employment; occupational position; employment in the civil service; marital status; membership in a club, citizen initiative, party or professional organization; party inclination; party identification; length of party inclination; head of household; school education, employment and occupational position of head of household; employment of head of household in the civil service; union membership of a member of household; status as ethnic German from Eastern Europe, status as emigrant from East Germany or refugee status and year of moving from the GDR; household income and persons involved in household income; size of household and number of children in household. Interviewer rating: interest of respondent in survey topic; willingness of respondent to cooperate. Also encoded was: date of interview; start of interview; number of contact attempts; state; administrative district; city size; interview end.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1992-06 / 1993-11
    1st wave from June 1992 to July 1992 2nd wave from February 1993 to April 1993 3rd wave from September 1993 to November 1993.
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
The residential population living in private households 18 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (Random Route with Sweden key). Separate samples were drawn for Eastern Germany and Western Germany
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2089
    Number of Variables: 839
The data set deals with a three-wave panel survey.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2980 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.2980

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2012-07-26