German Bundestag Elections 2013: Twitter Usage by Electoral Candidates

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kaczmirek, Lars (GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften)
  • Mayr, Philipp (GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften)
Publication Date
  • GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Parties, Organizations
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Elections
    • Mass media
  • Abstract

    The data is a result of a research project at GESIS which aimed to explore social media communication related to the election of the German parliament on September 22nd, 2013. The data includes tweets by candidates and a file describing the key attributes of the candidates and lists their Twitter and Facebook accounts. Tweets were collected for candidates of all covered parties except the AfD. All data was publicly available at the time of data collection. Cases in which a Twitter or Facebook account was not used as part of the role as a candidate (i.e., private accounts and accounts merely used for private postings) were not included. Due to legal reasons only the following data can be shared: (1) A list of all candidates that were considered in the project, their key attributes and if available the identification of their Twitter and Facebook accounts. (2) A list of Tweet-IDs which can be used to retrieve the original tweets of the candidates which they posted between June and December 2013. It includes the Tweet-ID and an ID identifying the candidate. The data describing the candidates include variables with the following content: a subsequent number, name of candidate, first name, member of which party ("AfD", "CDU", "CSU", "Die LINKE", "FDP", "GRUENE", "PIRATEN", "SPD"), state (e.g. "Bayern"), is listed (yes, no), is directe candidate (yes, no), constituency (e.g., "Aachen I"), has facebook account (yes, no), facebook_link, has twitter account (yes, no), twitter_screenname and variables on the frequency of twitter use.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-06 / 2013-12
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
The population comprises all candidates (district and party list candidates) for the 2013 German Federal Election on September 22, 2013, who maintain a social media account (Twitter and/or Facebook). The population was further restricted to candidates of political parties which were represented in the German Parliament before the election and to candidates of the Pirate Party and the Alternative for Germany (Facebook only).
Total universe/Complete enumeration; Sampling Procedure Comment: No sample (complete count) The sample frame includes 2741 candidates, whom a Twitter or Facebook account could be assigned.
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Field observation
  • Non-participant field observation Data was collected using the Twitter API. Technical details can be found in the methodological report.
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 22
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5973 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Lietz, Haiko; Wagner, Claudia; Bleier, Arnim, and Strohmaier, Markus (2014): ´When politicians talk: assessing online conversational practices of political parties on Twitter´. In Proceedings of the Eighth International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media, 285-294. Ann Arbor, MI: AAAI Press.
  • Kaczmirek, L.; Mayr, P.; Vatrapu, R.; Bleier, A.; Blumenberg, M.; Gummer, T.; Hussain, A.; Kinder-Kurlanda, K.; Manshaei, K.; Thamm, M.; Weller, K.; Wenz, A.; Wolf, C. (2014): Social Media Monitoring of the Campaigns for the 2013 German Bundestag Elections on Facebook and Twitter. Retrieved from

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 18 | Registration Date: 2015-09-07