Flash Eurobarometer 428 (Businesses’ Attitudes Towards Corruption in the EU)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • European Commission, Brussels
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication COMM A1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest Deutschland, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia srl, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO International Ltd, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS SIFO, Stockholm, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Legal system, Legislation, Law
    • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Trade, industry and markets
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
    • Crime
  • Abstract

    Attitudes of businesses towards corruption in the EU. Topics: assessment of the following issues as a serious problem for the company’s activities in the own country: corruption, patronage and nepotism, complexity of administrative procedures, fast-changing legislation and policies, inadequate national infrastructure, lack of means or procedures to recover debt from others, restrictive labour regulations, tax rates, access to financing (including credits); participation of the company in a public tender or a public procurement procedure in the past three years; assessment of the possibility of corruption having prevented the company from winning a public tender or a public procurement contract in the last three years; estimation of the proportion of the company’s annual turnover coming from public tenders or public procurement procedures (in percent); reasons for not having taken part in a public tender or a public procurement procedure; minimum value at which respondent would consider a gift or a service to be a bribe; assessment of corruption in the own country as a widespread problem; estimated extent of the following practices in public procurement procedures in the own country: abuse of negotiated procedures, abuse of emergency grounds to justify use of non-competitive or fast-track procedures, involvement of bidders in the design of specifications, unclear selection or evaluation criteria, conflict of interests in the evaluation of bids, tailor-made specifications for particular companies, collusive bidding, amendments of contract terms after conclusion of the contract; estimated extent regarding corruption in public procurement in the own country managed by national and by regional or local authorities; contact of the company in the last twelve months with public authorities in order to obtain the following permits or services: building permits, business permits, change of land use, environmental permits, licence plates or permits related to vehicles, state aid and social, structural funds; demands for bribes from the company for the aforementioned permits or services in the own country; assessment of the most widespread practices in the own country: kickbacks, bribes, tax fraud or non-payment of VAT, offering free gifts or trips in exchange for a service, favouring friends and family members in business, funding political parties in exchange for public contracts or influence over policy making, favouring friends and family members in public institutions; approval of the following statements regarding corruption in the own country: too close links between business and politics lead to corruption, bribery and the use of connections is the easiest way to obtain certain public services, sufficient transparency and supervision of the funding of political parties, only way to succeed in business is to have political connections, favouritism and corruption hamper business competition, measures against corruption are applied impartially and without ulterior motives; estimated extent of bribery or the abuse of power for personal gain among politicians, party representatives or senior officials at national or at regional and local level; assessment of the likelihood for people or businesses engaging in corrupt practices in the own country to: be caught by or reported to the police or prosecutors, be heavily fined or imprisoned by a court; approval of the following statements: petty corruption is appropriately punished in the own country, bribing senior officials is appropriately punished in the own country. Demography: information about the company: company size, number of employees; years of company activity; development of turnover in the last two years; total turnover in 2014. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; NACE-Code; nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-05
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
    Czech Republic
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-08
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-08
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-08
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-07
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-05
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-08
    Republic of Cyprus
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-08
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-07
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-08
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-08
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-09
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-07
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-08
  • 2015-09-21 / 2015-10-06
    United Kingdom
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
Sampled Universe
Companies employing 1 or more persons in all the following sectors in the 27 European Union Member States and Croatia: - Energy, mining, oil and gas, chemicals - Healthcare and pharmaceutical - Engineering and electronics - Construction and building - Telecommunications and Information technologies - Financial services, banking and investment The selected respondent had to be CEOs, general managers, financial directors or significant owners.
Collection Mode
  • Telephone interview: CATI
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Organization
    Number of Units: 7996
    Number of Variables: 144
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6650 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • European Commission: Flash Eurobarometer 428. Businesses´ attitudes towards corruption in the EU. Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer” Unit). Brussels, 2015. doi:10.2837/486823.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 17 | Registration Date: 2016-04-22