European Parliament Election Study 1979-2009, Euromanifesto Study

Resource Type
  • Braun, Daniela (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
  • Schmitt, Hermann (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
  • Wüst, Andreas M. (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
  • Popa, Sebastian Adrian (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
  • Mikhaylov, Slava (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
  • Dwinger, Felix (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
Publication Date
  • Austria:Alice Ludvig, 1996, 1999, 2004, 2009Belgium-Flanders:Pierre Baudewins, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999 Monique Boijnk, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999 Joost de Vries, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004 Patrick van der Weyden, 2009Belgium-Wallonia:Pierre (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Political Parties, Organizations
  • Abstract

    Coded version of election programs. Manifestos issued ahead of the European elections between 1979 and 2009. Topics: Country in which the party ran in European Parliament elections; year of the first European Parliament elections in the member state; year of the country´s admittance to the EG/EU; party ID; election year; initials of the party; name of the party; percent-vote on national level; party family (parliamentary group) a party belongs to; number of seats in European Parliament; number of seats in European Parliament by country; type of manifesto; placement of Euromanifesto according to the coder on a left-right scale, on an environmental protection vs. economic growth scale, on a libertarian-authoritarian scale, on a religious-secular scale, on a state interventionism vs. free enterprise scale, on a multiculturalism vs. ethnocentrism scale, and on a pro-anti-EU-integration scale. Position in topics: foreign special relationships (general, to eastern European Countries of the EU and not in the EU, to Russia and to the USA); anti-imperialism; military; peace; internationalism; Europe; European Community/European Union; financing the EC/EU; freedom; human rights; democracy; constitutionalism; decentralization; transfer of power to the EC/EU; executive and administrative efficiency; political corruption; political authority; competences of the European Parliament, of the European Commission and of the European Council; voting procedures in the European Council; competences of the European Court of Justice and other EC/EU institutions; mentions of the European Central Bank; EC/EU enlargement; membership in the EU of east European countries and of Balkan countries currently not in the EU; membership of Turkey in the EU; complexity of the EC/EU political system; free enterprise; property-restitution; controlled economy; social ownership; mixed economy; publicly-owned industry; socialist property; economic planning; EC/EU structural funds; nationalization; privatisation; corporatism; market regulation; Marxist-analysis; incentives; Keynesian demand management; productivity; technology and infrastructure; protectionism; anti-growth economy; economic orthodoxy; economic goals; creating jobs; labour migration; single market; European monetary union/European currency; environmental protection; culture; social justice; welfare state, pensions, health care and nursing service, social housing, child care, job programs; education; multiculturalism; traditional morality; law and order; fight against terrorism; social harmony; national way of life; immigration; EU integration; labour groups; agriculture and farmers; middle class and professional groups; underprivileged minority groups (handicapped, homosexuals, immigrants and foreigners in the Manifesto countries and ethnic minorities of the Manifesto countries living abroad), non-economic demographic groups (women, old people, young people, linguistic groups); for Cyprus only: Cyprus issue. Computed indices: percentages of content codes separately on each political level; left-right position of party; planned economy dimension, market economy dimension, welfare dimension; pro-anti European integration dimension; summarized percentages of uncoded quasi-sentences. Additionally coded: Coder ID; region; country code (EMCS) plus election year; party code (EMCS) plus election year, total number of quasi-sentences; ZA study number of base study; version of base study.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1979 / 2009
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
Sampled Universe
683 election programs/manifestos of relevant parties in the EU published ahead of the election to the European Parliament in each EC/EU country between 1979 and 2009. Relevant parties in the EC/EU are parties that have been represented in the European Parliament at least once.
Total universe of party manifestos in the EU. The starting point for the coding of Euromanifestos for any single party is the election to the EP in which the party was able to achieve representation for the first time.
Collection Mode
  • Content Coding
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 571
This study is a compilation of the archived ZA study nos. 4457: Euromanifestos Project (EMP) from 1979 to 2004, and 5057: European Parliament Election Study 2009 Manifesto Study.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5102 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.5102

Update Metadata: 2017-12-28 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2016-10-19