Lines of Conflict of Egyptian Society 1986-1988: Remigration, Segregation, Islam (Survey of Returned Migrants from 6 Egyptian Villages)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Stauth, Georg (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Reichert, Christoph (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Weyland, Petra (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Albrecht, Renate (Universität Bielefeld)
  • El-Hamamsy, Laila (Social Research Centre, American University in Cairo, Egypt)
  • Mehanna, Sohair (Social Research Centre, American University in Cairo, Egypt)
  • Nada, A. (Social Research Centre, American University in Cairo, Egypt)
  • Kheir, E. (Social Research Centre, American University in Cairo, Egypt)
Publication Date
  • Social Research Center, American University in Cairo, Egypt (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Migration
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Trade, industry and markets
    • Social and occupational mobility
    • Rural economics
  • Abstract

    Family and financial situation of returned migrants as well as their housing situation. Information on labor migration, job satisfaction and working conditions during migration as well as effects of migration. Topics: The questionnaire is organized into 8 survey parts: 1. Fundamentals: personal attitude as well as wife´s attitude to the head of household; marital status; personal education level as well as wife´s education; personal primary and secondary occupations as well as those of wife; size of household; number of children; type of family; life in a small family since returning or even before migration. 2. House and new household objects: number of rooms; presence of running water, electricity, kitchen and toilet in the house; possession of durable consumer goods. 3. Agricultural land, agricultural machines, working animals: ownership of land; size of owned or leased land; cultivation of the land before and after migration as well as up to the present; ownership of modern agricultural equipment; ownership of animals. 4. Labor migration: number of stays abroad; host country during stays; time and length of the last work migration; reasons for migration; reasons for return; costs of the trip abroad and financial source; taking care of travel formalities; employment before and during migration; agent providing work abroad; relatives or acquaintances in host country; living and housing situation in host country; accompanied or visited by family members during the last migration; reasons for family visit; leisure activities; new friendships during the migration; perceived foreignness or home-sickness in host country; year of return and time elapsed since return. 5. Degree of job satisfaction in host country, acquisition of new knowledge, working conditions, migrant´s view of the host country: performing new activities and acquisition of new abilities during the migration; job satisfaction; judgement on working and living conditions in the host country; judgement on economic and social conditions of host country compared to Egypt; perceived faults of host country; payment for social insurance at home or in host country; perceived personality changes from the stay abroad. 6. Effects of labor migration; problems that the migrant had subsequent to return: perceived effects of work abroad on the village, the family, the children as well as on the role of women as wife; changes in the role of women after return from abroad; assumed attitude of village residents and relatives to the returned migrant; return problems; work activity after return; time of resumption of work; reason for waiting and for non-resumption of work. 7. Savings and investments: amount of last monthly income abroad; judgement on income compared to personal expectations; funds transfers to the family and form of transfer; taking savings along or reasons for leaving them behind; information on use of savings for improvements in the house, new acquisition of durable consumer goods, purchase of property, farm land, agricultural equipment and livestock as well as miscellaneous expenditures and acquisitions; realization of a personal project in the area of trade and investment as well as type of project; presence of a comparable project in the village at an earlier point in time; information on the use of modern machines and equipment in one´s project; project partners; number of employees; realization of personal migration goals; migration goals and also goals not realized and the reasons for this; interest in future migration; reasons for migrating again or for refusing further migration. 8. Cooperation/membership in various activities/organizations: memberships as well as village leadership functions. Additionally encoded were: interviewer and village in which the interview took place.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1987-05 / 1988-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Egypt (EG)
    selected villages in Egypt
Sampled Universe
Returned migrants from the cities Shanwan and Kafr Shanwan (province Minufiya, Delta), Tamboul El Kubra and Kafr Youssef (province Dakhliya, Delta) and Abu Girg and Bani wallims (province Minya, Upper Egypt).
Sampling Procedure Comment: Random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 639
    Number of Variables: 473
The interview time is organized as follows: the migrants in 2 villages were interviewed between May and July 1987. The data in the other 4 villages was collected between May and July 1988. The interviews were conducted in Arabic by Egyptian interviewers from the respective villages. Within the framework of the same research project extensive qualitative material was also collected (participating observations and interview notes). Two further quantitative data sets of the research project are archived in the Central Archive under ZA Study Nos. 5011, 5012 and 5023.
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5013 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Stauth, Georg: Remigration and Social Change. Sociology of Development Research Centre, Bielefeld University, Working Paper 84, 1986.
  • Stauth, Georg: Konfliktlinien der ägyptischen Gesellschaft 1986-1988: Remigration, Segration, Islamismus - Eine Forschungsperspektive. Working Paper 80a, 1986.
  • Stauth, Georg: Town and Countryside in Egypt. Consequences of Modernization. Research Paper to the Symposium: Moslems, Migrants, Metropolis. Berliner Institut für Vergleichende Sozialforschung, Juni 1989.
  • Weyland, Petra: Remigration und Geschlechterverhältnis auf dem ägyptischen Dorf. Forschungsperspektiven und -hypothesen. Working Paper 95, 1987.
  • Albrecht, Renate: Remigration und Islamisierung auf dem ägyptischen Dorf. Working Paper 99, 1987.
  • Reichert, Christoph: Remigration und die Transformation ländlicher Macht- und Herrschaftsverhältnisse in Ägypten - Forschungshypothesen. Working Paper 94, 1987.
  • Reichert, Christoph: Labour Migration and Institutional Diversification in two Egyptian Villages. Some Preliminary Results. Paper to the 2nd French-German Workshop on Labour Migration and the Process of Social and Political Change in the Middle East, Berlin 1988.
  • Stauth, Georg: How to Control Women? Socio-Economic Processes and Shifts of Power between Sexes in Rural Egypt. In: Jahrbuch für Politik des Vorderen Orients, Hannover 1988, S.51 ff.
  • Stauth, Georg: Remigration and Social Change in Rural Areas. Prospects for the Migrant Worker Sending Regions of the Middle East. In: Pakistan Development Review. An International Journal for Development Economics, 26, 1987, S. 735-744.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 91 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22