Eurobarometer 86.1 (2016)

Resource Type
  • European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels
Other Title
  • Parlemeter 2016, Future of Europe, Media pluralism and democracy (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ (Researcher)
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes / opinion
    • Information and communication
    • Information society
    • Information technology
  • Abstract

    Attitudes and knowledge regarding the European Parliament and the EU. Future of Europe. Media pluralism. Topics: 1. Attitudes and knowledge regarding the European Parliament and the EU: recent reception of media reports on the European Parliament; self-rated knowledge about the activities of the European Parliament; image of the European Parliament; desired importance of the role of the European Parliament; seat allocation of the MEPs according to nationality or to political affinities; adoption of the European Parliament’s decisions according to: interests of the member states from which the MEPs are coming, political affinities of the MEPs, both; preferred policies at EU level to be promoted by the European Parliament; prioritized values to be defended by the European Parliament; things that bring citizens of different EU member states together are more important than things that separate; most important elements of the European identity; most important aspects in strengthening the feeling of being a European citizen; assessment of the own country’s membership in the EU as a good thing; benefits from the EU membership and reasons for benefit. 2. Future of the EU: main assets and main challenges of the EU; preferred issues to be emphasized by society in order to face global challenges; attitude towards a ´two speed Europe´; assessment of the EU’s current and expected influence in 2030 compared to: the USA, Japan, China, India, Brazil, and Russia; embodiment of selected values by the EU compared to other countries: respect for nature and environment, social equality and solidarity, peace, progress and innovation, freedom of opinion, tolerance and openness, respect for history; image of the following countries or group of countries: EU, Germany, France, United Kingdom, USA, Russia, China; most important political issues for the future of Europe; preference for more decision-making at the European level in selected policy areas; attitude towards selected statements: EU is a place of stability in a troubled world, free-market economy should go with a high level of social protection, globalisation threatens national identity, EU offers a future perspective for European youth, recognition of people’s interests by national political system, rise of political parties protesting against traditional political elites is a matter of concern, everyone in the own country has a chance to succeed in life; expectations regarding the life of future generations in the EU. 3. Media pluralism: attitude towards selected statements on the situation of the media in the own country: provide trustworthy information, provide a diversity of views and opinions, provide information free from political or commercial pressure, public service media are free from political pressure; assessment of freedom and independence of the national media compared to five years ago; assessment of the diversity of views and opinions in the national media compared to five years ago; reliability of the following media: TV, radio, newspapers, social media; awareness of the monitoring authority for audio-visual media in the own country; assessment of the independence of the monitoring authority from political, governmental, or commercial pressures; following of and participation in debates on social media; awareness of abuse, hate speech, or threats on social media; consequences on own engagement in online debates. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; opinion leadership; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; image of the EU. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2016-09-24 / 2016-10-03
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 27768
    Number of Variables: 482
Question module QA ´Parlemeter 2016´ was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 84.1 (ZA6596). Question module QB ´Future of Europe´ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 81.1 (ZA5878) and Eurobarometer 78.2 (ZA5686). Question module QC “Media pluralism and democracy” was newly introduced. No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11. The filter routing for question qc9 displayed in the questionnaires refers only to categories “very often” (1) and “sometimes” (2) (“IF QC7=1,2 OR QC8=1,2”), while the definition of following and directly participating in debates on social media displayed in the report and in the data additionally includes persons answering “rarely” (3) on qc7 or qc8. Please note that four respondents from Germany give substantial answers in d46_1 to d46_11 (“OWNERSHIP DURABLES”) and at the same time are coded 1 (“Mentioned”) in d46_12 (“None”).
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6697 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12729
  • European Parliament: European Parliament Special Eurobarometer (EB 86.1): Parlemeter 2016. Conducted by TNS opinion at the request of the European Parliament and co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, November 2016.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 451. Future of Europe. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Communication. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit). Brussels, December 2016.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 452. Media pluralism and democracy. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit). Brussels, November 2016.

Update Metadata: 2019-06-04 | Issue Number: 12 | Registration Date: 2017-09-05