Steel Production Statistics of the German Customs territory 1850-1911

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Krengel, Jochen
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    This study is a historical, statistical source work on industrial steel production in Germany from 1850-1911. The present overviews especially contain information about iron and steel industry in all areas of metal production from ore. Generally the sectoral definition of the steel industry and its sub branches is made by the systematical list of goods for the industry statistics of the Federal Republic of Germany, edition 1970, p. 37 ff. A direct adaption however is difficult due to the contemporary common disregard of semi-finished and intermediate products which were produced in the same factories and also due to the differences in the technical organization in steel production before 1914. In comparison to nowadays almost all the steel works produced all mentioned product groups without the recording the own semi-finished products used for the further production process statistically. In the monthly statistics therefor there is only data on production of steel ingots and semi-finished product which were sold directly. Separately listing this product group would lead to a distortion in the presentation of steal production, therefore the following statistical presentation was chosen: Year/ production in t/thereof finished goods/value in Mark/thereof finished products. Production in t includes the entire market orientated production; steel ingots, semi-finished products and finished products. The category finished products contains the production of rolled steel, of steel shaping and of cold rolling mills. Additionally the number of tools and the number of employees are given in the table. If data was available, there is also information on main and additional plants as well as on male and female employees. Timeseries in HISTAT The Study´s Data are divided into the following four parts: A: Production of low carbon steel B: Production of pig iron, cast iron and refined steel C: Production of wrought iron and wrought steel D: Production of mild steel and mild iron The Datatables are free available via the download system HISTAT.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1850 / 1911
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
    German Custom Area
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
    German Custom Area
Sampled Universe
Companies of the steel producing industry, German Custom Area, 1850 to 1911
Collection Mode
  • official Statistics, yearly reports of the companies, scientific publications
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 61
    Number of Variables: 1928
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8195 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Fischer, Wolfram (Hrsg.): Die Statistik der Stahlproduktion im Deutschen Zollgebiet 1850-1911 (alte Erfassungssystematik). Bearbeiter: Jochen Krengel unter Mitarbeit von Andreas Kunz und Sigrid Stöckel. (Quellen unf Forschungen zur historischen Statistik von Deutschland, hrsg. von W. Fischer, F. Irsigler, K.H. Kaufhold und H. Ott, Band 7) St. Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae Verlag, 1989.

Update Metadata: 2021-08-28 | Issue Number: 88 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23