Economic Development, Social Structure and biological living standard in Munich and in Southern Bavaria in the 19th. century

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Schuster, Klaus
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    This study is a contribution to hitorical anthropometric research. Anthropometric historiy deals with the interaction of biological and economical processes. Body height and body weight are important indicators of the living standard, having strong effects on economic factors like work productivity and capital formation. Because of the close connection between nutritional status and body height, fertility rate and mortality rate, changes of body height serves a very valuable support for explaining demographic processes. Changes in body height are also indicators for changes in economic situation and for changing living standards of the population. The study is an anthropometric contribution to the nutrition, economics and agrarian history of a region, using body size data of Bavarian people liable for military service. Two topics are treated: 1) The economic circumstances of various goups of society should be described in a very differentiated way. 2) Medical care and living conditions of the population (infant mortality, emergence of deseases, causes of death, etc.) in different county districts should be described. For this purpose the birth cohorts 1813 to 1842 of the county districts Munich city, Munich on the left hand of the Isar, Munich on the right hand of the Isar, Miesbach, Reichenhall, Toelz and Wasserburg were analyzed. Variables (n = 19562): - District of the provincial court (Landgerichtsbezirk) - Birth year - Body height of inductees, in different measures - Legitimacy of Birth (born in wedlock, born out of wedlock) - Occupation of inductees - Occupation of the Father - Death of mother and the father respectively (or of both parents) - Results of the medical examination (reasons for the exemption from military service) - Results of physical categorization (fitness) Key aspects of the study: (1) structural investigation of the districts of the provincial court (2) demographic description of the research areas (districts) (3) determinants of biological standard of living of the districts: - the importance of occupation and social class affiliation - the importance of deseases - the importance of livin conditions (4) Trend of body height - fundmental trend - comparison of inductees’ biological living standards, whose parents are employed at the saline with inductees’ biological living standards, whose parents are farmers and craftspeople. - anthropometric investigation of the population in Munich. (5) Infant mortality, fertility and illegitimacy - infant mortality in Southern Germany and in Bavaria - infant mortality in Munich - infant feeding and infant care in the districts of the provincial court - sex-related infant mortality - mortality of infants, born in wedlock and of infants, born out of wedlock - interrelationship of infant mortality and fertility - causes of death - interrelationship of level of prices and infant mortality (6) Mortality, life expectancy and body height.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1813 / 1842
Geographic Coverage
  • Historical German lands (-1871) (DQDE)
    Districts of the provincial court in Southern Bavaria: Munich-City, Munich on the right of the Isar, Munich on the left of the Isar, Miesbach, Reichenhall, Toelz, Wasserburg.
Collection Mode
  • Sources: Conscription lists of the birth cohorst 1813-1842, Department II, - of the capital and royal seat Munich, - of the royal county court Toelz and - of the public records office of Munich. Reichenhall: conscription lists are available only for the birth cohort 1840. Districts Miesbach, Toelz, Wasserburg and Reichenhall: all available conscription lists of the public records office are evaluated and all inductees of the birth cohorts 1813 to 1842 are collected.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Text Unit
    Number of Units: 19562
    Number of Variables: 16
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8227 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Schuster, Klaus: Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung, Sozialstruktur und biologischer Lebensstandard in München und im südlichen Bayern im 19. Jahrhundert. St. Katharinen: Scripta Mercaturae Verlag 2005.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-23